TUM – Latest news https://www.tum.de/ Latest news of TUM en TUM Fri, 21 Jan 2022 22:52:46 +0100 Fri, 21 Jan 2022 22:52:46 +0100 TUM and Fujitsu launch new collaboration https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37152 The objective of the new partnership is to drive the debate regarding the transparency, accountability and traceability of AI. In the collaboration the IEAI will conduct multidisciplinary research in order to develop concrete solutions for practical difficulties relating to AI.

IEAI Director Prof. Christoph Lütge comments, "I believe that accountability is a crucial aspect. If companies have a clear idea of accountability for AI systems and the results the systems produce, they will be more eager to implement them. Accountability, transparency and explicability are probably the most critical issues right now to move AI forward. Therefore I believe that this partnership could not have come at a better time.”

The head of the Fujitsu research center for Ethics in Artificial Intelligence, Dr. Daisuke Fukuda, says: "Fujitsu is excited about the opportunity to partner with TUM and the IEAI on the topic of AI ethics. Independent academic research on the responsible use of AI is vital to creating a sustainable framework for technological development. Through this partnership, we are confident that we will be able to gain advanced technology in AI ethics, which is essential for global AI business."

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Artificial Intelligence Campus news news-37151 Fri, 21 Jan 2022 09:32:19 +0100
Neutrons detect clogs in pipelines https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37150 Oil and gas pipelines are the arteries of our energy supply. As with the Nord Stream pipelines, they transport the sources of energy over long distances underwater to storage and production facilities on land.

But it's not just supply bottlenecks, as we have them now, that can lead to shortages. Under certain conditions, the mixture in the pipelines – which typically comprises gas, oil, and water – can become very viscous and even form solid phases.

Especially inconvenient for operators are solid hydrates that form from gas and water, for example when the mixture cools down to the low temperatures of the seabed during longer pipeline shutdowns.

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Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-37149 Fri, 21 Jan 2022 07:39:18 +0100
Prof. Nassir Navab named IEEE Fellow 2022 https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37147 Prof. Navab is one of the pioneering researchers in the field of medical augmented reality. His major invention, the camera-augmented mobile c-arm of 1998, was the first augmented reality system providing real-time fusion of optical and x-ay images, allowing surgeons to see through the patient during surgical procedures. His team was the first to introduce augmented reality into operating rooms both for trauma and orthopedics surgery and for sentinel lymph node biopsy for breast cancer and melanoma patient in early 2010. Navab holds 70 European patents as well as 51 US patents. In October 2021, Navab received the prestigious Enduring Impact Award of MICCAI Society.

The IEEE is a leading global professional association promoting the advancement of technology for the benefit of society. IEEE Fellows are granted to individuals with an outstanding track record in any of the of the organization’s fields of interest – from robotics to consumer electronics. The IEEE Grade of Fellow is conferred by the IEEE Board of Directors and comprises the highest grade of membership – it is considered to be one of the most prestigious honors within the technical community, as well as an important career achievement.

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Campus news christine.lehner@tum.de news-37146 Thu, 20 Jan 2022 09:24:00 +0100
Secret helpers in the underground https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37145 Plants form symbiotic relationships with fungi and bacteria, which colonize the inside of the root. For example, about 80 percent of terrestrial plants harbor arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi - fungi that transport nutrients from the soil directly into plant roots in a branching network of filamentous structures called hyphae. In this way, they improve plant nutrient uptake and in return receive sugars and fats that are produced by the plant from CO2 with the help of photosynthesis.

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Sustainability Campus news Event katharina.baumeister@tum.de news-37144 Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:12:00 +0100
TUM supports research on food authenticity and safety https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37142 Society places constantly growing expectations on food quality. Together with changes in dietary habits and globalized material flows, this trend continues to create new assignment areas in official foodstuff inspection. The future will thus see an even closer focus on food safety and authenticity, for example in terms of ecological production methods and geographic origin.

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Campus news President news-37140 Mon, 17 Jan 2022 12:00:00 +0100
New algorithm for classification of skin lesions https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37139 Many people worldwide suffer from skin diseases. For diagnosis, physicians often combine multiple information sources. These include, for instance, clinical images, microscopic images and meta-data such as the age and gender of the patient. Deep learning algorithms can support the classification of skin lesions by fusing all the information together and evaluating it. Several such algorithms are already being developed. However, to apply these learning algorithms in the clinic, they need to be further improved to achieve higher diagnostic accuracy.

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Artificial Intelligence Research news carolin.lerch@tum.de news-37138 Fri, 14 Jan 2022 10:00:00 +0100
A spray to protect against lung damage from Covid-19 https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37141 Covid-19 infections can lead to serious inflammations of the lung and the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis). This can have a long-term impact on lung function and is one of the causes of “long covid”. A team working with Stefan Engelhardt, Professor of Pharmacology and Toxicology at TUM has developed a new RNA-based drug that can prevent these inflammatory lung conditions. When administered via the respiratory passages, it quickly targets immune cells in the alveoli (tiny air sacs in the lungs) and inhibits a microRNA molecule found in these cells.

In Covid patients, misguided immune cells called macrophages play a substantial role in severe inflammatory infections and lung damage. However, when the new drug blocked the microRNA molecule in macrophages in mice, there was a significant reduction in inflammation and lung damage and a considerable improvement in lung function. Stefan Engelhardt is confident that serious infections and thus the kind of lung damage associated with long covid can be prevented in human patients receiving the drug through an inhaler.

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Covid-19 Entrepreneurship Research news paul.hellmich@tum.de news-37137 Thu, 13 Jan 2022 09:33:00 +0100
EU funding for five research projects https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37143 So far, TUM researchers have succeeded in winning a total of 151 renowned ERC Grants, awarded each year in a variety of categories. ERC Starting Grants are intended for scientists who are still beginning their careers; the Grants are endowed with up to 1.5 million euros.

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Research news paul.hellmich@tum.de news-37136 Wed, 12 Jan 2022 12:03:48 +0100
Unmuting the genome https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37133 Our cells contain the entire genetic information from our mother and our father. From each of them we inherit 23 chromosomes that contain our DNA. Two copies of each gene are therefore present in our genome and, as a general rule, both are active. This has the advantage that defective mutations inherited from the mother or father are generally cancelled out by the other copy of the gene.

However, for around one percent of our genes, only the gene inherited from the father or mother is active, while the other is deactivated, a phenomenon known as genomic imprinting.

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Research news stefanie.reiffert@tum.de news-37122 Wed, 12 Jan 2022 09:15:00 +0100
"Formula 1 could see driverless race cars as early as 2025" https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37131 Prof. Lienkamp, what gave you the idea of entering your team in the two Autonomous Challenges in the USA?

The story began back in 2005, as information scientist Sebastian Thrun from Stanford University won the DARPA Grand Challenge, which was until then highly renowned as the only race for autonomous vehicles, held in the Nevada desert. At the time I was working at Volkswagen and built the car for him. Then came the 2007 Urban Challenge in California, a race for autonomous cars on a paved course under realistic traffic conditions, where once again three Volkswagen vehicles from various universities made the finals. Sebastian Thrun then had the idea of staging speed races similar to Formula 1 on a real race track: That was the birth of the Autonomous Challenge concept. And it went without saying that I wanted to participate together with a TUM team.

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Artificial Intelligence Mobility Entrepreneurship Research news christine.lehner@tum.de news-37129 Mon, 10 Jan 2022 15:39:00 +0100
TUM Is Vice-World Champion in Autonomous Racing https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37132 "We’re all extremely pleased with the result," says Prof. Lienkamp, head of the Chair of Automotive Technology. "In this race, we were able to show what our autonomous vehicle can do, competing with other vehicles at such extreme speeds. We’ve never gone as fast as we did today. I’m very proud of how well we did in the race. But what really counts is the progress we’ve been able to make. This is a victory for autonomous racing as a whole."

Five university teams entered the Autonomous Challenge @ CES on Friday at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway. Participants had to face the following challenge: two autonomous racing cars were pitted against each other in head-to-head races over the course of several knockout rounds. As you would expect, viewers got to witness numerous overtaking maneuvers and some potentially risky interactions among the racing cars.

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Artificial Intelligence Mobility Entrepreneurship Research news stefanie.reiffert@tum.de news-37130 Sat, 08 Jan 2022 16:44:00 +0100
The battery of the future https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37128 Several groups at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are working on this new technology, from basic electrochemical research to analytics with the help of neutrons as well as production technology. A documentary from SAT.1 presents the research work.

The documentary is available in the SAT.1 Bayern media library:

Technik der Zukunft? Neue Batterie für E-Mobilität - "Technology of the future? New battery for e-mobility" - Documentation (in German), available in the media library of SAT.1 Bavaria (duration approx. 25 min)

The availability of content in media libraries may be limited.

 

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Mobility Sustainability TUM in the media battenberg@zv.tum.de news-37127 Tue, 04 Jan 2022 16:10:58 +0100
How plants respond to heat stress https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37126 It may be hard to remember in winter, but July 2021 was the hottest month ever documented. In the USA, the mean temperature was higher than the average for July by 2,6 degrees Fahrenheit, and many southern European countries saw temperatures above 45 degrees Celsius including an all-time high temperature of 48,8 degrees Celsius recorded on the eastern coast of Sicily in Italy.

The past few decades have seen increased incidences of heat waves with record highs around the globe, and this is seen as a result of climate change. Heat waves have been occurring more frequently, have been hotter, and have been lasting longer with severe consequences not only for humans and animals but also for plants. “Heat stress can negatively affect plants in their natural habitats and destabilize ecosystems while also drastically reducing crop harvests, thereby threatening our food security,” says Brigitte Poppenberger, Professor for Biotechnology of Horticultural Crops.

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Sustainability Research news katharina.baumeister@tum.de news-37123 Tue, 04 Jan 2022 10:00:00 +0100
Progress in the fight against Corona https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37125 Artificially produced antibodies can help patients who are already seriously ill. These are already being used in the Klinikum rechts der Isar. A drug that is currently being developed as part of an interdisciplinary cooperation is intended to prevent the virus from multiplying. Another research project focuses on the response of the lung tissue to the infection. And with the dark field x-ray, a new method is available that can make the damage to the lung tissue visible.

The two documentaries (in German) are now available in the SAT.1 Bayern media library:

Medikament gegen Long Covid: Wie weit ist die Forschung? - Long Covid drug: how far is the research? - Part 1 of the documentation in the media library of Sat.1 Bayern (duration approx. 25 min)

Kampf gegen Corona: Wie können Röntgenstrahlen helfen? - Fight against corona: how can x-rays help? - Part 2 of the documentation in the media library of Sat.1 Bayern (duration approx. 25 min)

The availability of content in media libraries may be limited.

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Covid-19 TUM in the media battenberg@zv.tum.de news-37124 Mon, 03 Jan 2022 12:15:24 +0100
Robots collect underwater litter https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37121 Our seas and oceans currently contain somewhere between 26 and 66 million tonnes of plastic waste, most of which is lying on the seafloor. This represents an enormous threat to marine plants and animals and to the ecological balance of the seas.

But removing waste from the waters is a complex and expensive process. It is often dangerous, too, because the work is generally done by scuba divers. The cleanup operations are also usually limited to the water surface. In the SeaClear Project, a team at TUM is working with eight European partner institutions to develop a robotic system capable of collecting underwater litter.  

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Artificial Intelligence Sustainability Research news news-37116 Wed, 29 Dec 2021 12:20:00 +0100
Optimization of mRNA containing nanoparticles https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37120 The idea of using messenger RNA (mRNA) as an active ingredient is a brilliant one: The molecule contains the specific blueprint for proteins which are then synthesize by the cell. This makes it generally possible to provide a very wide spectrum of different therapeutically effective proteins.

In the case of the Covid-19 vaccine, these are the proteins of the characteristic spikes on the surface of the Corona virus which are used for vaccination. The proteins are presented on the surface of immune cells; then the human immune system triggers defenses against these foreign proteins and thus against the Corona virus. The mRNA itself is completely broken down after only a few hours, a fact which is advantageous to the safety of these vaccines.

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Covid-19 Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-37119 Mon, 27 Dec 2021 18:28:14 +0100
Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37115  

 

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Campus news news-37113 Thu, 23 Dec 2021 13:59:00 +0100
New materials for quantum technologies https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37118 Hopes ran high when the first representatives of a new class of materials – topological insulators – were discovered some 15 years ago. Researchers predicted that the unique electronic structure of these materials would give rise to special properties on their surface, such as energy-efficient information transmission, which could facilitate the development of novel electronic components in a wide range of applications.

But to date, these possibilities could not be readily modified and controlled in applications. Despite the greatest of efforts, technological exploitation has been a long time coming. This may be about to change thanks to the discovery made by a team headed by Christian Pfleiderer, professorship for the Topology of Correlated Systems at the Technical University of Munich.

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Quantum Technologies Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-37117 Thu, 23 Dec 2021 09:00:00 +0100
Swaying mountains https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37082 Every object vibrates at certain frequencies when excited, like a tuning fork or the strings of a guitar. These so-called natural frequencies depend primarily on the geometry of the object and its material properties. The phenomenon is also observed in bridges, high-rise buildings, and now even mountains.

"We wanted to know whether such resonant vibrations can also be detected on a large mountain like the Matterhorn," says Samuel Weber, who carried out the study during a postdoctoral period at the Professorship of Landslide Research at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and is now working at the WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF. He emphasizes that the interdisciplinary collaboration between researchers at the Swiss Seismological Service at ETH Zurich, the Institute for Computer Engineering and Communication Networks at ETH Zurich, and the Geohazards Research Group at the University of Utah (USA) was particularly important for success of this project.

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Research news news-37081 Wed, 22 Dec 2021 03:06:00 +0100
Invisible virus protection for indoor spaces https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37114 A research team from the Technical University of Munich and the Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine at the LMU University Hospital Munich, in cooperation with the start-up Smart United GmbH, has developed an invisible protective “wall” made of UV-C light.

In their study, published as a preprint on medRxiv, the researchers were able to demonstrate that the UV-C virus barrier they developed can prevent the spread of airborne pathogens indoors by killing the pathogens traveling along on the aerosol particles.

The protection rate was verified using model organisms, including E. coli, S. aureus, and a coronavirus. Inactivation rates of over 99 percent were achieved at air velocities of 10 cm/s.

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Covid-19 Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-37112 Tue, 21 Dec 2021 09:51:25 +0100
How populists’ election results lead to far-right demonstrations https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37110 Social norms are highly dependant on people’s assumptions about what others think. That also means that norms can change with new information on the attitudes of others, for example with the publication of election results. The impact of electoral successes of right-wing populist parties in this regard has previously been studied primarily in connection with rises in hate crime and changes in future voting intentions. Dr. Felix Hagemeister of the Hochschule für Politik (HfP) at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now investigated the link between electoral results of the German party Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) and the frequency of demonstrations by right-wing extremists.

For his study, Felix Hagemeister examined polling numbers for the AfD in the lead-up to 10 elections in German federal states between September 2013 and September 2017 and the party’s results in the elections. He collected electoral results both at the state level and in all municipalities in the states in question. For the same period, he used responses from the federal government to parliamentary enquiries to determine when and in which municipalities right-wing extremist demonstrations occurred. Most of the 1300 such demonstrations supported xenophobic demands.

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Research news klaus.becker@tum.de news-37109 Mon, 20 Dec 2021 10:50:08 +0100
Expanding horizons https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37058 Gifty Baffour Awuah has no time for boredom. After completing medical studies in her home country of Ghana, she began learning German as a hobby. The young doctor made such rapid progress that her teacher advised her to go to Germany. Since entering the master’s program Health Science – Prevention and Health Promotion of the Department of Sports and Health Sciences at TUM two years ago, 32 year old Dr. Awuah has stood out in lectures and seminars for her dedication and her valuable insights.

The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) has now recognized her outstanding work in the field of public health. By honoring students and researchers who take on responsibility, the DAAD Prize helps to build lasting networks with contacts around the world. In her heart, Gifty Baffour Awuah is at home in both countries: Ghana and Germany. The understanding between the two cultures is important to her.

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Campus news lisa.pietrzyk@tum.de news-37057 Fri, 17 Dec 2021 07:12:00 +0100
Prize for Excellence in Teaching goes to Tilo Biedermann and Nada Sissouno https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37108 Prof. Biedermann, full professor and director of the Clinic and Polyclinic for Dermatology and Allergology, is skilled at raising interest in his subject among his students with didactic excellence and a high level of practical relevance. He also maintains an active culture of teaching in everyday clinical activities. Furthermore he implemented a large number of innovative digital formats, even under the more difficult conditions of the Corona pandemic.

Dr. Sissouno teaches higher mathematics for civil and environmental engineers. She inspires great interest in mathematics as a core element of the basic curriculum among the new students of the engineering sciences. She even manages to motivate students to actively participate in lectures with audiences of 600 or more in the main auditorium. She has enriched her online lectures, necessary due to Corona, with a portfolio of additional exercises and explanatory videos.

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Campus news Teaching news-37085 Thu, 16 Dec 2021 18:13:12 +0100
New drone type transports life-saving defibrillator https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37078 The fixed-wing drone – nearly 2 meters long with a wingspan of 3 meters – can reach areas that are difficult or even impossible to access with an ambulance. As soon as the aircraft reaches the coordinates received via emergency call, it goes into hover mode and lowers the defibrillator with a winch to the ground, where it can be easily deployed by first-aiders, including non-professionals, at the scene. This rapid deployment considerably increases the survival chances of the heart-attack patient.

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Artificial Intelligence Campus news President news-37077 Wed, 15 Dec 2021 13:00:00 +0100
A medication against Covid-19 https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37076 The SARS-CoV-2 virus uses a protein called Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE2) on the surface of human cells as an entry gate. This is where the spike protein of the virus finds a hold in order to ultimately infect the cell. 

Recombinant antibodies are already being used in therapy for Covid-19 illnesses, including at the TUM University Hospital rechts der Isar; nevertheless the virus has used mutation to evade attacks by therapeutic antibodies and in part also the natural antibodies formed after vaccination.

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Covid-19 Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-37075 Tue, 14 Dec 2021 00:14:00 +0100