TUM – Latest news https://www.tum.de/ Latest news of TUM en TUM Sat, 25 Jun 2022 09:00:08 +0200 Sat, 25 Jun 2022 09:00:08 +0200 Mass spectrometry-based draft of the mouse proteome https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37477 The laboratory mouse ranks among the most important experimental systems for biomedical research and molecular reference maps of such models are essential informational tools. “We present a quantitative draft of the mouse proteome and phosphoproteome constructed from 41 healthy tissues. These molecules are cellular regulators of normal as well as pathological processes," says Bernhard Küster, Professor of Proteomics and Bioanalytics.

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Research news katahrina.baumeister@tum.de news-37476 Fri, 24 Jun 2022 11:18:11 +0200
Long-sought tetra-neutron discovered https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37474 The building blocks of atomic nuclei are the nucleons, which come in two types, the neutral neutrons and the positively charged protons – the two so-called isospin states of the nucleon. Bound nuclei composed exclusively of neutrons have never been clearly identified. The only known bound systems that consist almost exclusively of neutrons are the neutron stars. These are the final stages of stellar evolution with a typical diameter of about ten kilometers. These stars are stable (bound) by gravity, which leads to a very high neutron density inside the stellar corpses. Atomic nuclei, in turn, are bound by the strong interaction, with preference to bind a comparable number of neutrons and protons – this is known from the stable nuclei found on Earth.

However, the study of pure neutron systems is of great importance, since this is the only way to gain experimental knowledge about the interaction of several neutrons with each other and thus about the nuclear interaction. Moreover, the study of the hitherto hypothetical particles could help to better understand the properties of neutron stars. Finding out whether such neutron systems exist as resonance states or even bound nuclei is therefore a long-standing endeavor in nuclear physics. The international team of scientists has now made a new attempt to do this, using a new experimental method that differs from all previous experiments.

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Research news presse@tum.de news-37472 Thu, 23 Jun 2022 15:14:00 +0200
Artificial intelligence and robotics: exchange of ideas between trailblazing actors from industry and research https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37473 Bavarian Minister President Dr. Markus Söder was impressed by what he saw on his tour of munich_i at automatica: “Technology is changing the world for the better,” said Dr. Söder in his opening address at the Hightech Summit. Prof. Sami Haddadin, the director of the Munich Institute of Robotics and Machine Intelligence (MIRMI), who also serves on the Board of Directors of munich_i alongside Alena Buyx, a professor of ethics at the TUM School of Medicine, explained how this technology can look: “We want to develop technologies that bring about social progress and serve the needs of users. To achieve this, we must also take the ethical and social contexts of artificial intelligence into consideration.”

For Haddadin, location is also a key factor. Minister President Söder noted that the state of Bavaria provides substantial funding for research in this area: “We believe in the opportunities: under the Hightech Agenda of the Bavarian state government, we are therefore investing 3.5 billion euros in science and research, including approximately half a billion euros for around 100 new research chairs. That means that our state is investing more than Finland, Denmark or even Canada. Bavaria is the home of the technology of tomorrow,” said Söder. “With this platform for AI and robotics, Bavaria is defining the benchmark for the future.”

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Artificial Intelligence Event andreas.schmitz@tum.de news-37471 Wed, 22 Jun 2022 16:34:02 +0200
Webinar: Hidden labor of AI in the Global South. https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37470 Behind artificial intelligence, there is always human labor. In addition to programming algorithms, this may take the form of “cloudwork”, where people train machine learning algorithms by hand. On another level, it's also hard manual labor, which enables modern AI, e.g. mining rare earths for the production of electronic components. Many people who use AI in their everyday lives are unaware of this labor.

The hidden labor of AI is the topic of the second edition of a series of public webinars hosted by the TUM Heilbronn Campus and the University of Oxford's OII. Participants will discuss, among other things, the implications of its hidden nature in exacerbating existing inequalities and what can be done to build AI globally in a fairer way.

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Artificial Intelligence Campus news Event news-37469 Mon, 13 Jun 2022 09:38:56 +0200
German Federal President Steinmeier praises 20 years of TUM Asia https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37468 German Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier said: "I am glad to have the opportunity to recognize the first foreign campus of any German university with a visit to the Technical University of Munich's Asia Campus on the occasion of its 20th anniversary. The TUM Asia Campus is an outstanding example of the German university-policy commitment to Southeast Asia. Today TUM Asia offers seven engineering sciences Master's and Bachelor's degree programs, some in collaboration with larger Singaporean universities. Since 2010, TUM CREATE has functioned a research arm of TUM Asia, focusing its activities on electro-mobility and modern traffic concepts."

TUM President Prof. Thomas F. Hofmann thanked German President Steinmeier for his visit to the Campus in Singapore: "We are very pleased by this honor. TUM Asia is a wonderful success story. Here we're connecting German engineering, entrepreneurial spirit and cross-cultural sensitivities with the requirements of the Asian scientific and economic landscape. Working together with local scientific institutions in Singapore, we want to educate the thinkers, doers and reformers of the future who will shape our lives and our societal co-existence as leading personalities in an increasingly connected world."

On the occasion of the anniversary, Bavarian Minister of Science and the Arts Markus Blume said: "My sincere congratulations on a 'perfect match'! 20 years of TUM Asia are a great example of how the exchange between science and business works. TUM is Bavaria's ideal ambassador to Singapore, our technological-academic flagship for the world."

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Campus news President news-37467 Sat, 11 Jun 2022 09:40:34 +0200
Pilot plant for renewable hydrogen https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37463 The German government has set itself the goal of becoming greenhouse gas neutral by 2045. To achieve this goal, energy-intensive production processes in the chemical industry - such as those used to produce hydrogen - are to be replaced by new, sustainable and carbon-neutral processes. Within the EU project Electrified Reactor Technology (EReTech), 14 partners from science and industry in Bavaria are implementing a hydrogen plant that is powered by electricity from renewable energy sources. The hydrogen is obtained from biogas.

The plant is being built near Eichstätt and will supply 130 tons of hydrogen per year. This will be used for hydrogen filling stations, for example. Completion is planned for 2025.

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Sustainability Research news stefanie.reiffert@tum.de news-37460 Thu, 09 Jun 2022 12:08:00 +0200
TUM keeps streak alive as best German university https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37462 The British university service provider QS Quacquarelli Symonds compiles its university quality rankings through surveys of academics and employers. It also assesses the number of citations of published research, the faculty-student ratio and the percentages of international students and staff.

TUM moved up to 49th place worldwide and is thus yet again the top-ranked German university – followed by LMU on rank 59. Within the EU TUM is the third best university, behind Université PSL and Institut Polytechnique, both from Paris.

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TUM in Rankings news-37461 Thu, 09 Jun 2022 10:11:36 +0200
On the road to the super-battery https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37454 When an electric car is being charged, the charge indicator moves quickly at first, be then much more slowly at the end. "It's like putting things into a closet: In the beginning it's easy, but finding available space gets more difficult as the closet fills up," says Dr. Anatoliy Senyshyn from the Technical University of Munich's Research Neutron Source Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II).

The internal structure of a battery both before and after the charging process is already known. Led by the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ) at TUM, a research team has now observed for the first time a battery's lithium distribution during the entire charging and discharging process with the materials science diffractometer STRESS-SPEC. They then verified the measurements using the high-resolution powder diffractometer SPODI.

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Sustainability Research news presse@tum.de news-37453 Wed, 08 Jun 2022 10:48:00 +0200
munich_i and the future of intelligent machines https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37456 The EU project Sea Clear at TUM is a prime example of how robots can support human endeavors. Sea Clear (SEarch, identificAtion and Collection of marine Litter with Autonomous Robots) does what it says, namely identifies and localizes litter on the ocean floor. Using the information, a second intelligent robot then heads to the spot to pick it up. Through machine learning, the collection robot becomes increasingly efficient over time. Another concept dedicated to environmental protection is A-RIFT (Accessible Robot Interface for Telemanipulation), a project of the TUM Munich Institute of Robotics and Machine Intelligence (MIRMI), in which environmental data are collected and transmitted to experts via telepresence technology. These are just two of some 30 practical demonstrations presented in the AI.Society exhibition space. The 500 square meter space will have sections dedicated to “Future of the Environment” (with Sea Clear and A-RIFT) as well as Work, Health and Mobility. 

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Artificial Intelligence Event andreas.schmitz@tum.de news-37455 Tue, 07 Jun 2022 15:23:47 +0200
"Picturing the Invisible" https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37457 In the exhibition “Picturing the Invisible”, photographers display their creative responses to life after the 2011 Fukushima “triple disaster” consisting of an earthquake and the following tsunami and nuclear disaster. Working in the affected territories, the artists make visible the legacies of the disaster: radiation, lingering traumas, but also the resilience of communities rebuilding their lives in its wake. Each work is paired with an essay provided by a renowned policymaker, author, scientist or activist. The exhibition was previously hung at the Royal Geographical Society in London.

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Campus news Event news-37452 Tue, 07 Jun 2022 13:20:00 +0200
“I learn something new every day” https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37375 For Mohaa Vyas, the working day starts with coffee – and a little exercise. “I try to stay active,” she says. “The pandemic has forced me to spend far too much time at home.” She loves talking with people, interacting with them, exchanging ideas. And that, in short, has been her job description as the liaison officer at TUM Mumbai since 2020.

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Campus news tumcampus@tum.de news-37374 Tue, 07 Jun 2022 10:00:00 +0200
Saving Resources with Precision Agriculture https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37417 The core idea of precision agriculture is simple: The more farmers know about soil conditions, the weather, and plants and animals, the better they can adapt their decisions to the circumstances. With this knowledge and suitable technical equipment, it is possible to increase yields and simultaneously save resources. For example, if fertilizer is distributed following the needs of the plants and the precise soil conditions, farmers do not have to use a tractor as often, which saves carbon emissions. Therefore, researchers need to collect a large amount of reliable data that can then be analyzed and interpreted. This is one of the main challenges facing this scientific field.

Heinz Bernhardt, professor for Agricultural Systems Engineering at TUM, and his team have established connected measuring systems in order to gain large amounts of reliable data. “Sensory systems in agriculture have to be very robust if, for example, they are attached to farming machinery. They have to be able to precisely carry out measurements independent of the temperature, pH level changes, or mechanical impacts,” he explains. He and his team develop these kinds of “hardware” components for data collection in fields and animal stalls.

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Sustainability Entrepreneurship Research news vera.spaett@tum.de news-37416 Fri, 03 Jun 2022 09:30:00 +0200
Heat-lovers are the lucky ones https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37449 Climate change has long since been happening in central Europe, and it is no secret that it affects the populations and distribution of animals and plants. Especially insect trends are a growing cause for concern, as multiple studies have shown their declines. How populations of our insect species are changing over past decades is a question explored by the BioChange Lab at TUM. “It is not only the climate that is changing, but also the type and intensity of land use. This includes agriculture, forestry, urban areas, and transport infrastructure” says Dr. Christian Hof, head of the BioChange research group at TUM.

While changes in flora and fauna may be well-documented in certain areas or for specific species, data for insects and most importantly over prolonged time periods is very sparse. This makes it difficult to draw general conclusions about the changes in populations of insect species and the factors driving biodiversity change. Yet it is precisely findings on species population changes over time, together with factors such as land use and the climate, that informs conservation plans for protecting species, biotopes and the climate.

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Sustainability Research news katharina.baumeister@tum.de news-37448 Fri, 03 Jun 2022 08:11:00 +0200
3D printed, bioinspired heart valves https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37446 In the human body, four heart valves ensure that blood flows in the correct direction. It is essential that heart valves open and close properly. To fulfil this function, heart valve tissue is heterogeneous, meaning that heart valves display different biomechanical properties within the same tissue.

A team of researchers working with Petra Mela, Professor of Medical Materials and Implants at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), and Professor Elena De-Juan Pardo from The University of Western Australia, have now, for the first time, imitated this heterogeneous structure using a 3D printing process called melt electrowriting. To do this, they have developed a platform that facilitates printing precise customized patterns and their combination, which enabled them to fine-tune different mechanical properties within the same scaffold.

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Research news carolin.lerch@tum.de news-37445 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 18:32:00 +0200
6 million euros in funding for nutritional medicine https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37466 “The EKFZ has laid the groundwork for a fruitful relationship, bringing together the TUM School of Life Sciences with the TUM School of Medicine and the Department of Sport and Health Sciences, which will form the new TUM School of Medicine and Health in October 2023. The EKFZ is thus a manifestation of the innovative approach of combining modern nutrition sciences with leading-edge medical research and new preventive approaches,” said TUM President Thomas Hofmann at the official signing ceremony with the foundation. “I’m delighted that our long-term cooperation with the Else Kröner Fresenius Foundation will be continued and that we have such a reliable partner.”

The Else Kröner Fresenius Foundation initiated the establishment of the EKFZ at the turn of the millennium and provided 11 million euros in funding. This was followed by a second five-year funding agreement for a total of 5 million euros in 2018. The EKFZ is now a nationally and internationally recognized institution in the field of nutritional medicine. It will receive a further 6 million euros over a five-year period. 

Dr. Dieter Schenk, the chairman of the foundation board, says: “The foundation sees it as its role to increase knowledge on the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in the interests of patients.” The chairman of the foundation’s management board, Prof. Michael Madeja, says: “The Else Kröner Fresenius Foundation is one of the largest private funding organizations in Germany. Nutritional medicine was an important priority for the foundation at an early stage. So we are supporting the continued funding and the related expansion of the Else Kröner Fresenius Center for Nutritional Medicine at TUM as an important component in both curative and preventive healthcare.” 

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Campus news katharina.baumeister@tum.de news-37447 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 09:16:56 +0200
Quantum engineer Prof. Wille honored by the State of Bavaria https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37444 Bavaria’s Minister of Science and the Arts Markus Blume says: “We are strong in the international competition for the best minds: Minister-President Dr. Markus Söder’s billion-strong Hightech Agenda Bavaria and our Distinguished Professorship Program bring top scientists to Bavaria! We’re giving our universities the financial power they need to stay competitive at the highest level of worldwide competition. While the German federal government is cutting funding for science and research, we’re making tremendous investments. This makes it possible for brilliant minds like Prof. Robert Wille to contribute decisively to solving the highly complex questions of our time right here in Bavaria. Our highest-level scientific activities continue to increase our technological brilliance and leverage the future opportunities of tomorrow!”

TUM President Prof. Thomas F. Hofmann thanks the Bavarian State government for its first-class research support: “The Bavarian Distinguished Professorship has the necessary leverage to bring outstanding scientists to Bavaria. Every euro invested in talented individuals like Prof. Wille will pay off several times in terms of scientific success, in promotion of students and young scientific staff and in the technology transfer necessary to come through on our claim to technological leadership and to secure jobs in Bavaria.”

Prof. Wille explains his research as follows: “In principle we solve major puzzles for contemporary technology. Almost all of today’s electronic devices consist of a large number of components which have to interact with one another in a very particular way. It’s like a puzzle with hundreds of thousands, millions or even billions of components, in other words pieces of the puzzle. Humans can no longer handle this manually. Put very generally: We develop methods that make it possible to increase the efficiency of electronic systems. They make sure that planes don’t crash and that autonomous vehicles move more safely through traffic.”

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Quantum Technologies President news-37418 Wed, 01 Jun 2022 07:51:40 +0200
Ideas for a sustainable circular economy https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37415 “We are paying for today’s economic structures and consumption habits with the destruction of nature and the loss of biodiversity in the air, on the ground and below the water surface, and are thus undermining the very foundations of our existence,” says TUM President Prof. Thomas F. Hofmann. “Those with the least access to the benefits of human development are suffering the most from the negative side effects of our actions. We are jeopardizing our own future. This calls for urgent action.”

The book "Circular Economy", published by TUM.University Press, summarizes the results of a symposium held in the summer of 2021. Scientists and economists developed proposals for action and identified areas where research is needed. The event was held under the auspices of Dr. Florian Herrmann, the head of the Bavarian state chancellery. The symposium is part of the initiative “TUM Forum Sustainability”, launched in 2016 by the TUM Senior Excellence Faculty. These events are organized on a regular basis in cooperation with the Institute for Earth System Preservation (IESP) and the TUM Institute for Advanced Study (IAS).

Prefaces and introductions for the book were provided by State Minister Dr. Florian Herrmann, President Thomas F. Hofmann, Prof. Gerhard Kramer, TUM Vice President Research and Innovation, and Prof. Michael Molls, spokesman of the Senior Excellence Faculty and Director of the TUM Institute for Advanced Study. In addition to the results of the symposium, the book contains chapters on the TUM initiative CirculaTUM (TUM Sustainability Award 2021), the TUM Campus Straubing and the TUM Forum Sustainability initiative of the TUM Senior Excellence Faculty. It will be presented at IFAT, the world’s leading environmental technology fair, which will take place from May 30 to June 3 2022 in Munich. The print version will be available through bookshops. The books will also be offered as free download.

 

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Sustainability katharina.baumeister@tum.de news-37414 Mon, 30 May 2022 12:31:56 +0200
Multi-functional bandage helps wounds to heal https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37410 Conventional bandages may be very effective for treating smaller skin abrasions, but things get more difficult when it comes to soft-tissue injuries such as on the tongue or on sensitive surfaces like the intestines. What kind of material will adhere there without damaging the tissue or sticking to adjacent points? How can wounds be protected from external influences and bacteria? What kind of substance will allow cells underneath to close the wound, and then ultimately disappear without a trace?

In spite of recent progress in developing materials addressing some of the specific requirements mentioned above, engineering a multifunctional all-in-one solution remains a challenge. A team led by Oliver Lieleg, Professor of Biomechanics at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), has developed a biopolymer film that combines a wide range of different functions at the same time. In a recently published study, the biomolecular “bandage” showed highly promising results and is ready to undergo further testing and tailoring.

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Research news carolin.lerch@tum.de news-37409 Mon, 30 May 2022 10:53:00 +0200
Same symptom – different cause? https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37411 Nowadays doctors define and diagnose most diseases on the basis of symptoms. However, that does not necessarily mean that the illnesses of patients with similar symptoms will have identical causes or demonstrate the same molecular changes. In biomedicine, one often speaks of the molecular mechanisms of a disease. This refers to changes in the regulation of genes, proteins or metabolic pathways at the onset of illness. The goal of stratified medicine is to classify patients into various subtypes at the molecular level in order to provide more targeted treatments.

To extract disease subtypes from large pools of patient data, new machine learning algorithms can help. They are designed to independently recognize patterns and correlations in extensive clinical measurements. The LipiTUM junior research group, headed by Dr. Josch Konstantin Pauling of the Chair for Experimental Bioinformatics has developed an algorithm for this purpose.

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Artificial Intelligence Research news katharina.baumeister@tum.de news-37407 Fri, 27 May 2022 07:38:00 +0200
Link between exercise intensity and risk of infection https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37408 Before the study it was known that the respiratory volume for untrained people increases from around 5–15 liters per minute at rest to over 100 l/min when exercising. Highly trained athletes actually reach levels of 200 l/min. It was also known that many people have been infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus when exercising indoors.

However, it was unclear how exercise intensity was linked to the concentration of aerosol particles in exhaled air and the actual quantity of aerosols exhaled by an individual per minute and thus on the potential risk of spreading infectious diseases such as SARS-CoV-2. This information is urgently needed, however, for example to design mitigation measures for school gyms and other indoor sports facilities, fitness studios or discos to avoid shutdowns in case of serious waves of infection.

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Covid-19 Research news henrike.boden@tum.de news-37406 Wed, 25 May 2022 14:00:00 +0200
Convertible Energy https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37403 The “e-conversion” episode on the website of the podcast series “Exzellent erklärt” (in German only, episode 11, 1.5.2022, 27 min)

Bettina Lotsch, Professor for Nanochemistry at LMU Munich and Director of the Nanochemistry Department at Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart, is also part of the episode.

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TUM in the media news-37402 Tue, 24 May 2022 09:24:40 +0200
Changes in mobility behavior https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37400 The survey and all further information on the study can be found on the web. Participants will be interviewed three times more the end of the year regarding their mobility and energy behavior. The login data will be stored exclusively at TUM in compliance with strict data protection regulations. In addition, 1000 interested participants will have the opportunity to automatically track their movements using an app – of course on a completely anonymized basis. Registration is also possible on the web site. A total of four mobility vouchers worth 250 euros will be given away at random to participants.

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Mobility news-37399 Mon, 23 May 2022 08:45:16 +0200
Mini-fuel cell generates electricity using the body's sugar https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37397 Medicinal implants such as sensors for measuring vital functions, electrodes for Deep Brain Stimulation in treating Parkinson's disease and cardiac pacemakers all require power sources which are as reliable and as small as possible. But there are limits to how far battery size can be reduced, since batteries require a certain volume in order to be able to store energy.

A research team led by Jennifer Rupp, Professor for the chemistry of solid-state electrolytes at TUM and MIT's Dr. Philipp Simons have now developed a glucose fuel cell which is only 400 nanometers thick – one hundredth of the diameter of a human hair. "Instead of using a battery, which accounts for 90 percent of an implant's volume, our device can be mounted as a thin film on a silicon chip or perhaps in the future even on the surface of the implant itself," says Rupp.

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Research news stefanie.reiffert@tum.de news-37395 Fri, 20 May 2022 08:40:00 +0200
Doing research down under https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37396 Campus news lisa.pietrzyk@tum.de news-37388 Thu, 19 May 2022 11:27:00 +0200 TUM succeeds in program for young Artificial Intelligence talents https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37398 The programs are addressed to German and international Master's and doctoral degree candidates who then receive scholarships or employment contracts in order to continue their academic education in Germany. The objective is to bind them in the long term to Germany as a research location, or to pave their way into Germany's leading industries after earning their degree.

TUM President Prof. Thomas F. Hofmann said: "This is a tremendous success and a clear boost to our Munich Data Science Institute (MDSI). These support decisions make the MDSI even more attractive to talented young individuals and increase its international visibility in science as the central interface and innovation platform at TUM for questions and solutions in the areas of Data Science, Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence."

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Artificial Intelligence President news-37393 Wed, 18 May 2022 17:20:34 +0200