TUM – Latest news https://www.tum.de/ Latest news of TUM en TUM Fri, 03 Dec 2021 13:13:26 +0100 Fri, 03 Dec 2021 13:13:26 +0100 Twisting elusive quantum particles https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37062 What would it be like if we lived in a flat two-dimensional world? Physicists predict that quantum mechanics would be even stranger in that case resulting in exotic particles — so-called “anyons”— that cannot exist in the three-dimensional world we live in. This unfamiliar world is not just a curiosity but may be key to unlocking quantum materials and technologies of the future. 

In collaboration with the Google Quantum AI team scientists from the Technical University of Munich and the University of Nottingham used a highly controllable quantum processor to simulate such states of quantum matter. Their results appear in the current issue of the renowned scientific journal "Science".

]]>
Quantum Technologies Research news andreas.battenberg@tum.de news-37061 Thu, 02 Dec 2021 08:57:23 +0100
TUM to coordinate Future Lab for Green Hydrogen https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37063 German Federal Minister of Education and Research Anja Karliczek commented: "Establishing a powerful, sustainable Green Hydrogen economy in Germany and the European Union has to be driven with all our efforts. As an alternative fuel produced with renewable energies, Green Hydrogen is particularly valuable in helping industry reduce CO2 emissions."

]]>
Sustainability Campus news President news-37060 Wed, 01 Dec 2021 14:48:29 +0100
Urban gardens - ecosystems for people and nature https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37056 In the coming decades, more than two-thirds of the world's population will live in urban regions. Urbanization brings both challenges and opportunities for society. Challenges include loss of green space, public health issues, and harm to the coexistence of people and nature. These aspects of urbanization are linked to the loss of ecosystem services - the properties and processes of ecosystems that benefit us as a society and ultimately contribute to our well-being.

]]>
Sustainability Campus news Event katharina.baumeister@tum.de news-37055 Mon, 29 Nov 2021 09:14:55 +0100
TUM IDEAward for quantum engineering project https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37054 Which scientific research has the potential to be turned into successful products? Who has the best idea for a start-up? More than 90 teams from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) applied for this year’s TUM IDEAward. Yesterday, after the finalists presented their ideas to the online audience, the jury selected three winners. The award is granted by TUM, UnternehmerTUM, the Center for Innovation and Business Creation, and the Zeidler Research Foundation, which provides 37,500 Euros in prize money. 

]]>
Artificial Intelligence Quantum Technologies Sustainability Entrepreneurship news-37053 Fri, 26 Nov 2021 11:17:38 +0100
TUM's ninth and tenth Humboldt Professorships https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37052 Stefanie Jegelka completed her doctoral studies at the University of Tübingen and ETH Zurich in 2012, after which she conducted postdoctoral research at the University of California, Berkeley. She was then appointed Associate  Professor at MIT in Cambridge. As an information scientist she is an expert in artificial neural networks, which among other things can be used to make reliable predictions on the properties of certain molecules, combinations of medicinal active ingredients and their potential side-effects.

Mathematician Suvrit Sra received his PhD from the University of Texas at Austin in 2007 and until 2015 conducted research in Tübingen at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems. He is currently an Associate Professor at MIT. Suvrit Sra's fundamental methodological work on a variety of optimization questions has contributed greatly to the enormous progress made in the field of machine learning over the past few years.

Stefanie Jegelka is to take on a position at the TUM Department of Informatics, while Suvrit Sra is to join the Department of Mathematics. Both professors shall be future members of the TUM School of Computation, Information and Technology, which his being formed from the TUM Informatics, Mathematics and Electrical and Computer Engineering departments as part of the TUM AGENDA 2030. The two shall help to establish an important link to the Munich Data Science Institute (MDSI), established in 2020 as part of the Excellence Strategy, as well as to the Munich Center for Machine Learning (MCML), which is supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. TUM is thus strategically strengthening its internationally leading core area of expertise in Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence.

]]>
Artificial Intelligence Campus news news-37051 Thu, 25 Nov 2021 10:50:00 +0100
Spicy breast milk? https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37045 Breast milk is the first food that babies consume. Various studies have suggested that the “taste experience” in early childhood influences eating behavior in adults. Unlike standardized infant formula, natural milk does not taste and smell the same every day. The differences are largely due to the maternal diet.

]]>
Research news news-37044 Wed, 24 Nov 2021 09:57:02 +0100
Antibody treatment for Covid-19 https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37042 The new form of treatment has proven highly effective against severe Covid-19 illness above all in persons with chronic conditions who do not respond sufficiently to an active vaccination.

“With approval by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) on November 12, the neutralizing antibodies can now be widely used at an early stage of the illness,” said adjunct teaching professor Dr. Christoph Spinner, infectious disease specialist and pandemic officer at Klinikum rechts der Isar, and his colleague, adjunct teaching professor Dr. Jochen Schneider, who heads the new Covid-19 outpatient clinic for monoclonal antibody treatment at the same hospital.

]]>
Covid-19 news-37041 Tue, 23 Nov 2021 09:19:17 +0100
How unhealthy diet makes you sick https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37040 The intestine is essential for maintaining our energy balance and is a master at reacting quickly to changes in nutrition and nutrient balance. It manages to do this with the help of intestinal cells that among other things are specialized in the absorption of food components or the secretion of hormones.

In adult humans, the intestinal cells regenerate every five to seven days. The ability to constantly renew and develop all types of intestinal cells from intestinal stem cells is crucial for the natural adaptability of the digestive system. However, a long-term diet high in sugar and fat disrupts this adaptation and can contribute to the development of obesity, type 2 diabetes and gastrointestinal cancer.

]]>
Artificial Intelligence Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-37039 Fri, 19 Nov 2021 15:32:02 +0100
Revolution in imaging with neutrons https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37038 Modern cameras still rely on the same principle they used 200 years ago: Instead of a piece of film, today an image sensor is exposed for a certain period of time in order to record an image. However, the process also records the noise of the sensor. This constitutes a considerable source of interference especially with longer exposure times.

Together with colleagues from Switzerland, France, the Netherlands and the USA, Dr. Adrian Losko and his TUM colleagues at the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ) have now developed a new imaging method which measures individual photons on a time-resolved and spatially-resolved basis. This makes it possible to separate photons from noise, greatly reducing the interference.

"Our new detector concept lets us capture every individual photon and thus overcome many of the physical limitations of traditional cameras," says Dr. Adrian Losko, instrument scientist at the NECTAR neutron radiography facility of the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum at the Technical University of Munich.

]]>
Research news Andreas.Battenberg@tum.de news-37037 Thu, 18 Nov 2021 10:38:44 +0100
Putting the fire lookout in orbit https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36995 Extreme weather events are becoming more frequent everywhere in the world: Even at higher latitudes where heat waves and droughts were rare in the past, the risk of forest fires is on the increase. Dry conditions and winds cause the fires to spread and go out of control faster. Forest and bush fires not only destroy vegetation − they also fuel climate change.

“If we want to fight forest and bush fires, stop illegal slash-and-burn activity and thus reduce CO2 emissions, we need a global early warning system,” says Thomas Grübler, one of the founders of the OroraTech startup. At present it can take several hours or even days before a fire source is identified and reported by ground-based fire watch crews, aircraft or drones, he explains. That may be long enough for a fire to spread over a considerable area. "Satellites facilitate quicker and more targeted tracking of forest fires. With this information, fire crews on the ground can fight fires faster and more precisely,” adds Grübler.

]]>
Artificial Intelligence Sustainability Entrepreneurship stefanie.reiffert@tum.de news-36994 Tue, 16 Nov 2021 16:39:00 +0100
The most cited researchers worldwide https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37033 In their papers, scientists cite the most important work previously published on the topic. This makes the total number of citations of a paper a good indicator of the quality of the research behind it. To identify the most highly cited researchers, the US company Clarivate once a year analyzes its Web of Science database, which covers scientific publications in a broad range of disciplines.

The current edition lists the scientists who were cited most frequently in their subject areas in the period from 2010 to 2020. Researchers who are frequently cited in multiple fields are listed in the cross-field category. The list contains the names of about 6,600 persons in no specific order, including the following researchers at TUM:

Cross-Field:

Agricultural Sciences:

Chemistry:

Plant and Animal Science:

Psychiatry and Psychology:

In addition, Prof. Laura M. Herz is one of the Highly Cited Researchers in the cross-field category. The physicist from the University of Oxford is currently a fellow at the TUM Institute for Advanced Study.

]]>
TUM in Rankings klaus.becker@tum.de news-37032 Tue, 16 Nov 2021 13:04:56 +0100
New stress test model quantifies climate risks for banks https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37036 Climate change can cause substantial losses to companies, not only as a direct result of extreme weather events, but also through transitory risks, above all in the form of rising CO2 prices and long-term decreases in economic value creation. This, in turn, means greater risks for banks if companies are unable to service loans. Consequently, the European Central Bank (ECB) and the European Banking Authority (EBA) have ordered financial institutions to incorporate climate risks into their risk management and stress testing processes, which serve primarily to evaluate their capital buffers. The new requirement will take effect in 2022.

It is still unclear, however, how this requirement can be implemented. Nor is it certain what dimensions the transitory climate risks might reach in stress tests. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have therefore worked with the Frankfurt Institute for Risk Management and Regulation (FIRM) to develop a method that can be adapted to a variety of stress tests and have applied it in two case studies involving a bank and two investment funds.

]]>
Sustainability Research news klaus.becker@tum.de news-37031 Tue, 16 Nov 2021 11:13:20 +0100
New TUM School of Engineering and Design officially launched https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37029 The TUM School of Engineering and Design consolidates expertise from the fields of mechanical engineering as well as civil, geo and environmental engineering, Aerospace and Geodesy and a part of electrical engineering and architecture. The School's creation expands the exploratory enhancement of technical-functional competencies to include a design-oriented dimension. This transcends the close disciplinary constraints of some teaching and research programs and drives the emergence of future-oriented system expertise.

TUM President Prof. Thomas F. Hofmann said: "The founding of the TUM School of Engineering and Design is an important milestone in the implementation of the TUM AGENDA 2030 with the guiding vision of human-centered engineering, supported by the Excellence Strategy of the German federal and state governments."

With 124 professorships, approximately 2300 staff members and around 12,000 students, the new School will develop a collaborative profile oriented towards branding. Its focus areas range from innovations for intelligent mobility both on and above the ground, transformation of the built environment, manufacturing and energy supply all the way to ecological and sustainable Circular Economies. Here the School links the digital world with the physical world using digital twins and integrates design intelligence in research, teaching and innovation.

Prof. Christoph Gehlen, founding dean of ED, stated at the opening ceremonies: "As dean I consider it my duty to create a unique, intellectually stimulating environment and to fortify our excellent research and teaching. I greatly look forward to linking the individual design and engineering disciplines, promoting integrative thinking and generating a keen enthusiasm among our colleagues for creative, future-oriented projects."

]]>
Campus news President news-37028 Sat, 13 Nov 2021 09:26:17 +0100
Tech companies underreport CO2 emissions https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37035 For policy makers and the private sector to set targets for reduced greenhouse gas emissions, it is important to know how much CO2 companies are actually emitting. However, there are no binding requirements for comprehensive accounting and full disclosure of these emissions. The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol is seen as a voluntary standard. It distinguishes three categories of emissions: Scope 1 refers to direct emissions from a company’s own activities, scope 2 refers to emissions from the production of purchased energy, and scope 3 to emissions from activities along the value chain, in other words all emissions from raw material extraction to the use of the end product. Scope 3 emissions often represent the majority of a company’s carbon footprint. Past studies have also shown that these emissions account for most reporting gaps. Until now, however, it was not possible to quantify these gaps or determine their causes.

Lena Klaaßen and Dr. Christian Stoll at the TUM School of Management of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a method for identifying reporting gaps for scope 3 emissions and used it in a case study to determine the carbon footprints of pre-selected digital technology companies. Their paper has now been published in the journal Nature Communications.

]]>
Sustainability Research news klaus.becker@tum.de news-37027 Fri, 12 Nov 2021 11:18:40 +0100
Success at the Carbon Removal Student Competition https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37025 Biogas facilities convert organic material into power and heat. Manure, plant waste or purpose-grown energy crops such as maize and grain are initially broken down by microorganisms. The resulting mixture of methane and carbon dioxide is known as biogas.

Methane is the main component of natural gas. It is also contained in the biogas used as fuel in the engines of conventional electric power stations. “However, instead of being converted into electricity, a considerable share of the energy turns into heat,” says Dr. Stephan Herrmann, head of the Electrochemical Energy Conversion Group at the Chair of Energy Systems at TUM.

]]>
Sustainability Research news stefanie.reiffert@tum.de news-37024 Fri, 12 Nov 2021 11:18:00 +0100
SAP becomes "TUM Partner of Excellence" https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37030 TUM President  Prof. Thomas F. Hofmann expressed his gratitude to SAP for the endowment. "This is a further expression of the trust-based, long-term partnership between TUM and SAP. The company's endowment demonstrates a strong sense of responsibility for the future of university education. Our students will benefit directly from the donation, which will help them apply their knowledge in practically-oriented research areas and put their innovative spirit to the test in problem-oriented team projects."

]]>
Campus news President news-37026 Fri, 12 Nov 2021 08:03:37 +0100
Shorter distances for a 15-minute city https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36992 The construction of a new pedestrian bridge over an expressway, the closure of a post office or the opening of a new supermarket: Every infrastructure change affects the mobility choices of residents. “Planners are increasingly trying to promote active mobility – in other words pedestrian and bicycle traffic,” says Elias Pajares. “Naturally this calls for walkways and cycle paths. But it’s also important for everyday destinations to be within quick and easy reach. Ideally residents should have all important amenities for daily needs within a 15-minute walk or cycle of where they live.”

A few months ago, Pajares and Ulrike Jehle – who both conduct research at the TUM Chair of Urban Structure and Transport Planning – set up a company: Plan4Better GmbH. With their startup, the environmental engineers aim to market a planning tool containing extensive data on population density, space utilization, topography, road routes, pedestrian and cycling networks and points of interest such as supermarkets. “With this tool, urban planners can develop scenarios and conduct evidence-based testing of the outcomes,” explains Jehle.

]]>
Mobility Sustainability Entrepreneurship stefanie.reiffert@tum.de news-36991 Wed, 10 Nov 2021 11:40:00 +0100
Spending the winter at the South Pole https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36955 Now it’s June and I’m spending my days in what is surely the most isolated and inhospitable place in the world: the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station at the Geographic South Pole. Since the sun went down in March and the Antarctic winter began, we’ve been cut off from the rest of the world. We won’t see an arriving aircraft or supply shipment until the end of October. Our contact with the outside world is limited to a few hours a day when satellites are passing over the South Pole, allowing us to exchange data.

]]>
Research news lisa.pietrzyk@tum.de news-36948 Mon, 08 Nov 2021 16:50:00 +0100
"Green city of the Future" short-listed for Sustainability Award https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37021 Vote for "Green City of the Future" here

An interdisciplinary research and development team led by Stephan Pauleit, Professor of Strategic Landscape Planning and Management at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), has spent three years studying Munich's green infrastructure in close cooperation with the city administration - and exploring how it can be better integrated into the city. In six urban areas in Munich (so-called ‘living labs’) - the team looked at different stages of urban planning –  from land-use plans to areas designated for redevelopment  - and developed concepts for how climate-resilient urban neighbourhoods can be created. Reflecting on the results of the project’s first phase, Prof. Pauleit says: "Facade greening would make external building surfaces up to 20 degrees cooler, while green roofs could buffer up to 70 percent of annual precipitation."

The implementation and continuation phase is now being coordinated by Prof. Werner Lang's Institute of Energy Efficient and Sustainable Design and Building.

]]>
Mobility Sustainability Campus news TUM in the media katharina.baumeister@tum.de news-37020 Fri, 05 Nov 2021 11:43:02 +0100
Winter important for cereal yield https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37019 Global climate change is predicted to increase temperatures and change the distribution of precipitation. It remains uncertain as to how climate change will affect regions and what level of intensity they will have, though.

Scientists at the Chair of Plant Nutrition at TUM have recently investigated the effects of various weather parameters on the long-term yields of winter barley, and evaluated the parameters that have a decisive impact on plant development throughout the year and during specific growth phases.

]]>
Sustainability Research news katharina.baumeister@tum.de news-37018 Fri, 05 Nov 2021 09:35:00 +0100
More courage and self-confidence https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37017 The "Women of TUM Talks" are meant to inspire and encourage. They offer the women of TUM a stage on which to make their role models visible while motivating individuals to pursue their own goals. Prof. Peus, the sponsor of the event series, pointed out that expressions like Power and Strength are usually attributed a more male connotation, adding that women often don't feel the terms apply to them. That, she said, will have to change.

]]>
Campus news news-37014 Thu, 28 Oct 2021 10:16:51 +0200
TUM honorary doctorate presented to Romano Prodi https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37013 The former Bavarian minister president Dr Edmund Stoiber delivered the award citation via video link. Citing his importance for the enlargement of the EU, with the accession of many Eastern European countries, Dr. Stoiber said that Romano Prodi must be seen as “one of the fathers of the reunification of the continent”. These achievements are above all a reflection of his open approach to dialog combined with a strong will to bring about reform. EU Commission president Ursula von der Leyen also sent a video message. She recalled that it was during Prodi’s term of office as the Commission president that the euro was introduced.

At the public event, Romano Prodi engaged in a discussion with the students Fiona Burckhardt and Tamara Nauhardt and with Prof. Eugénia da Conceição-Heldt, who holds the Chair of European and Global Governance. Prodi said that Europe’s most important task today, in view of the increasing tensions, is to maintain the dialog between the American and Chinese superpowers.

]]>
Campus news President klaus.becker@tum.de news-37012 Tue, 26 Oct 2021 07:36:00 +0200
New X-ray technology first used with patients https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36892 There are millions of cases in which serious respiratory system illnesses place limitations on quality of life. Every year more than four million people die of serious respiratory ailments worldwide. Partially destroyed alveoli and an over-inflation of the lungs (emphysema) are typical of the life-threatening ailment Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

However, the fine distinctions between healthy and diseased tissue are barely visible on conventional chest X-rays. Detailed diagnostic information is only available using three-dimensional computed tomography approaches, in which the computer assembles many individual images. Until now there has been no fast and cost-effective option for early detection and follow-up examinations with a low radiation exposure as used in plain chest X-rays.

A procedure developed at the Technical University of Munich could now fill this gap: dark-field chest X-rays. In the current issue of "Lancet Digital Health" a research team led by Franz Pfeiffer, Professor for Biomedical Physics and Director of the Munich Institute of Biomedical Engineering at TUM, is now presenting the results of an initial clinical patient study, which used the new X-ray technology for the diagnosis of the lung disease COPD.

]]>
Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-36891 Tue, 26 Oct 2021 06:50:00 +0200
TUM wins the Indy Autonomous Challenge https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37010 The Saturday race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway was very unique: The race cars weren't piloted by humans, but by computers. Universities from around the world were called on to develop systems based on Artificial Intelligence that would make it possible for the cars to drive the track autonomously. The competition was organized by the non-profit Energy Systems Network and the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. The main objective of the race was to promote the technological development of autonomous driving and advanced driver assistance systems.

Qualifying for the race is a success in and of itself: Only nine teams were allowed to participate in the race. Represented by its "TUM Autonomous Motorsport" team, TUM was the only German university among the nine. The young TUM researchers' car managed an average speed of 218 kilometers per hour. "We're totally thrilled by the results," says team manager Alexander Wischnewski. "Our objective was to break 200 km/h, and we did exactly that." Second place went to the "EuroRacing" team, a joint effort on the part of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, University of Pisa, ETH Zurich and the Polish Academy of Sciences.

]]>
Artificial Intelligence Mobility stefanie.reiffert@tum.de news-37009 Sun, 24 Oct 2021 10:38:00 +0200
Triple success at BioM Award https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/37007 With the m4 Award, initiated in 2011 by BioM, the network organization of the biotechnology industry in Munich and Bavaria, the Free State of Bavaria promotes innovative products, technologies or services of young companies that decisively advance the further development of medicine of the future. The prize is awarded every two years, and a total of 25 research projects have been honored in the five rounds of competition to date.

With prize money of up to 500,000 euros per winning team, the competition supports the further development and validation of the respective project idea for two years in preparation for a spin-off. In the process, the scientists not only receive financial support, but also active guidance from BioM and other partners as well as industry experts.

]]>
Entrepreneurship Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-37006 Fri, 22 Oct 2021 11:39:41 +0200