New research results or upcoming events: Stay up-to-date on what is happening at TUM.
Thread-like semiconductor structures called nanowires, so thin that they are effectively one-dimensional, show potential as lasers for applications in computing, communications, and sensing. Scientists at the Technische Universität München (TUM) have demonstrated laser action in semiconductor nanowires that emit light at technologically useful wavelengths and operate at room temperature. They now have documented this breakthrough in the journal Nature Communications and, in Nano Letters, have disclosed further results showing enhanced optical and electronic performance.
From green electricity tariffs to car sharing schemes, many sustainable products and services were being brought to market by enthusiastic start-ups. More consumers than ever are turning their hands to business in a bid to solve social and environmental problems. However, there has been relatively little research into how and why individuals take this step and whether their start-ups become a success. Fourteen European research institutes coordinated by Technische Universität München (TUM) will be investigating this trend to see what potential it holds for a sustainable economy. They will also be looking at how established companies engage end users in the development of sustainable products. The project will receive EUR 4.7 million in funding from the EU.
Germany finished in the top ten of all 34 OECD countries in the mathematics test, the focus of the new PISA study. This positive development is mainly owed to an improvement in the quality of school exercises and approaches to the curriculum. The percentage of students performing very poorly has fallen. German 15-year-olds also scored very highly in science and in reading skills. There has been a considerable improvement in performance among students from socioeconomically disadvantaged households. Germany is one of the few countries to have improved continuously since the first round of PISA tests. At the national level, PISA 2012 was coordinated by Prof. Manfred Prenzel from TUM.
Children learning to speak depend on functional hearing. So-called cochlear implants allow people with severe hearing loss to hear again by stimulating the auditory nerve directly. Researchers at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) are working to overcome current limits of the technology. They are investigating the implementation of signals in the auditory nerve and the subsequent neuronal processing in the brain. Using the computer models developed at the TUM manufacturers of cochlear implants improve their devices.
All healthy intestines contain bacteria. But they also play a role in a variety of intestinal diseases. A number of research projects at Technische Universität München (TUM) will closely examine the interaction between these microorganisms (microbiota) and the immune system of the gut lining. Around 2 million euros in funding will be channeled into this work over the next three years.
A fleet of 130 virtual electric cars is set to commence on the roads of Munich, Germany. Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) provides participating companies with smartphones that will be installed in taxis and commercial vehicles to track their movements. The smartphone's software records and processes the driving data to reveal how electric vehicles would perform the corresponding operational cycles in environmental and economic terms.
Researchers at the Technische Universität München (TUM) have proven that wireless communications can be made more secure through a novel approach based on information theory. Their strategy for defeating eavesdroppers, which focuses on the so-called physical layer of communications systems, offers advantages over higher-level techniques such as encryption. Furthermore, it brings a capability formerly thought possible only with futuristic “quantum communications” technologies within reach for practical, widespread commercial use.
For the first time scientists have uncovered concrete evidence for highly energetic neutrinos stemming from outside our solar system. The IceCube experiment, a huge neutrino detector in Antarctica in which the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) is involved has observed 28 neutrinos that most likely stem from cosmic objects such as supernovae, black holes, pulsars or other extreme cosmic phenomena.
TUM CREATE presents an electric taxi for use in tropical megacities at the 43rd Tokyo Motor Show. “EVA” showcases a new super-fast charging system recharging the battery within 15 minutes, a range of 200 kilometers and an individual air conditioning. TUM CREATE is a common research project of the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) and Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University (NTU). As the first university in the world, TUM presents electric vehicle concepts for different climate zones.
Entrepreneurship continues to enjoy a high reputation worldwide. However, many people don’t put their plans into action. These are the main findings of the Amway Global Entrepreneurship Report 2013 published by Amway and the Technische Universität München (TUM). On average, more than two-thirds (70%) of the population in 24 countries have a positive attitude towards self-employment. 39% of the respondents can imagine starting their own business. A big obstacle is fear of failure: 70% of the respondents feel threatened by it. On the other hand, measures like public funding, start-up loans and entrepreneurship education are encouraging people in their decision to start-up an enterprise.