New research results or upcoming events: Stay up-to-date on what is happening at TUM.
Ultra-short and extremely strong X-ray flashes, as produced by free-electron lasers, are opening the door to a hitherto unknown world. Scientists are using these flashes to take “snapshots” of the geometry of tiniest structures, for example the arrangement of atoms in molecules. To improve not only spatial but also temporal resolution further requires knowledge about the precise duration and intensity of the X-ray flashes. An international team of scientists has now tackled this challenge.
Nearly six hours after launch and following four orbits of the earth, ESA astronaut and TUM alumna Samantha Cristoforetti has arrived at the International Space Station (ISS). The hatch of the soyuz spacecraft opened on Monday, Nov 24, at 6 am (CET), so that Cristoforetti could enter the space station together with Anton Shkaplerov and Terry Virts. They will be staying on board for five months as part of the Futura 42 mission.
Banks are increasingly issuing 'CoCo' bonds to boost the levels of equity they hold. In a crisis situation, bondholders are forced to convert these bonds into a bank's equity. To date, such bonds have been regarded only as a means of averting a crisis. A study by economists at Technische Universität München (TUM) and University of Bonn now shows that if such bonds are badly constructed, they worsen a crisis instead of stabilizing the banking system – because they incentivize a bank's owners to worsen a bank's situation themselves so as to leave bondholders out in the cold.
The skin condition neurodermatitis affects nearly one in four children and also occurs frequently in adults. Many patients also develop infections in the dry, open patches of skin, for example due to colonization by the pathogenic bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, which is particularly abundant on the skin of neurodermatitis patients. Scientists at Technische Universität München (TUM) and the University of Tübingen have now shown in an animal model that these infections can severely disrupt the immune system, thus aggravating the skin condition.
The Malt1 protein is one of the most important control centers in human immune cells and a real all-rounder. Genetic defects in it can lead to the development of lymphatic cancer (lymphoma). A possible therapeutic approach is therefore to specifically block certain functions of Malt1, thus destroying the cancer cells. Now, however, scientists at Technische Universität München (TUM) have shown in a mouse model that such a blockade can cause serious side effects.
The Nature Index counts Technische Universität München (TUM) as one of the two strongest research-oriented German universities in the natural sciences. The Nature Publishing Group's Index, which was published for the first time, also incorporates papers published by non-university research institutions in the 68 most renowned science journals. TUM ranks 77th worldwide.
Currently Campus Garching sees the rise of the new Center for Advanced Laser Applications (CALA), a new facility devoted to laser-based research. The project was conceived as a collaborative venture between LMU Munich and the Technische Universität München (TUM) in the context of the Cluster of Excellence Munich-Centre for Advanced Photonics (MAP). In the new building, located at the North end of the Campus, physicists, medical specialists and biologists plan to develop uniquely innovative laser-based technologies and explore their potential applications. CALA’s primary objective is to identify new and cost-efficient approaches to the early diagnosis of cancers and other chronic illnesses, with a view to maximizing rates of cure.
Powdered milk is a vital ingredient in infant formula and also used in a wide a range of baked goods and confectionary products. It is manufactured using an energy-intensive process chain that involves concentrating and drying milk. Researchers at Technische Universität München (TUM) are researching more energy-efficient ways of making concentrates. And they are already seeing promising results: By combining different membrane separation processes, they have succeeded in reducing the amount of energy required to concentrate milk by around 20 percent.
Explosions from the controlled detonation of World War II aircraft bomb duds can cause severe damage to surrounding building structures. Engineers at the Technische Universität München (TUM) have developed models to predict the effects of detonation shockwaves in cities. In emergency situations the simulations could even save lives.
TUM CREATE's electric taxi project "EVA" received the Bavarian Staate Prize for Electromobility, the eCarTec Award 2014, yesterday evening at the eCarTec, the world's largest electromobility fair. The prize is awarded in six categories and is endowed with 10,000 €. TUM CREATE is a joint research project of the Technische Universität München (TUM) and the Nanyang Technological University (NTU) in Singapore.