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24.11.2014, Research news
Characterization of X-ray flashes open new perspectives in X-ray science

Ultra-short X-ray pulses explore the nano world

Undulator hall at the Linac Coherent Light Source of SLAC – Photo: SLAC National Accelerator Center

Ultra-short and extremely strong X-ray flashes, as produced by free-electron lasers, are opening the door to a hitherto unknown world. Scientists are using these flashes to take “snapshots” of the geometry of tiniest structures, for example the arrangement of atoms in molecules. To improve not only spatial but also temporal resolution further requires knowledge about the precise duration and intensity of the X-ray flashes. An international team of scientists has now tackled this challenge.

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24.11.2014, Campus news
Monday, Nov 24, 2014: ESA astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti has arrived at the International Space Station (ISS)

TUM alumna on board of the ISS

First picture of Samantha Cristoforetti (middle of front row) and the crew of the Future 42 mission on board ISS (Image: NASA)

Nearly six hours after launch and following four orbits of the earth, ESA astronaut and TUM alumna Samantha Cristoforetti has arrived at the International Space Station (ISS). The hatch of the soyuz spacecraft opened on Monday, Nov 24, at 6 am (CET), so that Cristoforetti could enter the space station together with Anton Shkaplerov and Terry Virts. They will be staying on board for five months as part of the Futura 42 mission.

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20.11.2014, Research news
New 'CoCo' bonds may worsen financial crisis situations

When shareholders exacerbate their own banks' crisis

bank notes

Banks are increasingly issuing 'CoCo' bonds to boost the levels of equity they hold. In a crisis situation, bondholders are forced to convert these bonds into a bank's equity. To date, such bonds have been regarded only as a means of averting a crisis. A study by economists at Technische Universität München (TUM) and University of Bonn now shows that if such bonds are badly constructed, they worsen a crisis instead of stabilizing the banking system – because they incentivize a bank's owners to worsen a bank's situation themselves so as to leave bondholders out in the cold.

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19.11.2014, Research news
Infections due to the skin pathogen Staphylococcus aureus aggravate neurodermatitis

Bacterial infections suppress protective immune response in neurodermatitis

The picture shows the skin of a patient with neurodermatitis (histological staining), which is covered with Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (dark dots on the surface and in the nick). (Picture: Y. Skabytska / Universität Tübingen)

The skin condition neurodermatitis affects nearly one in four children and also occurs frequently in adults. Many patients also develop infections in the dry, open patches of skin, for example due to colonization by the pathogenic bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, which is particularly abundant on the skin of neurodermatitis patients. Scientists at Technische Universität München (TUM) and the University of Tübingen have now shown in an animal model that these infections can severely disrupt the immune system, thus aggravating the skin condition.

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17.11.2014, Research news
Potential treatment approach for lymphomas triggers severe inflammations

Side effects of possible anti-cancer strategy discovered

Prof. Jürgen Ruland (right) and his research group investigate the development and suppression of lymphomas. (Image: A. Heddergott / TUM)

The Malt1 protein is one of the most important control centers in human immune cells and a real all-rounder. Genetic defects in it can lead to the development of lymphatic cancer (lymphoma). A possible therapeutic approach is therefore to specifically block certain functions of Malt1, thus destroying the cancer cells. Now, however, scientists at Technische Universität München (TUM) have shown in a mouse model that such a blockade can cause serious side effects.

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13.11.2014, TUM in Rankings
Nature Index: TUM among the world's 100 best research institutions

Outstanding research in the natural sciences

The excellently-equipped labs help foster the outstanding publications by researchers – here is Dr. Jean-Come Lanfranchi in the Physics Faculty's underground lab. (Picture: A. Heddergott/TUM)

The Nature Index counts Technische Universität München (TUM) as one of the two strongest research-oriented German universities in the natural sciences. The Nature Publishing Group's Index, which was published for the first time, also incorporates papers published by non-university research institutions in the 68 most renowned science journals. TUM ranks 77th worldwide.

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04.11.2014, Campus news
A new center for Ultrashort Laser Pulses

Construction of the Center for Advanced Laser Applications has begun

Casting of CALA’s base plate – Photo: Thorsten Naeser / MAP

Currently Campus Garching sees the rise of the new Center for Advanced Laser Applications (CALA), a new facility devoted to laser-based research. The project was conceived as a collaborative venture between LMU Munich and the Technische Universität München (TUM) in the context of the Cluster of Excellence Munich-Centre for Advanced Photonics (MAP). In the new building, located at the North end of the Campus, physicists, medical specialists and biologists plan to develop uniquely innovative laser-based technologies and explore their potential applications. CALA’s primary objective is to identify new and cost-efficient approaches to the early diagnosis of cancers and other chronic illnesses, with a view to maximizing rates of cure.

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, Research news
Scientists develop new technologies for processing milk

Processing milk – how concentrates help to save energy

Melanie Marx, Patricia Meyer and Joseph Dumpler (left to right) from the Chair of Food Process Engineering run a test to heat milk concentrate.

Powdered milk is a vital ingredient in infant formula and also used in a wide a range of baked goods and confectionary products. It is manufactured using an energy-intensive process chain that involves concentrating and drying milk. Researchers at Technische Universität München (TUM) are researching more energy-efficient ways of making concentrates. And they are already seeing promising results: By combining different membrane separation processes, they have succeeded in reducing the amount of energy required to concentrate milk by around 20 percent.

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22.10.2014, Research news
Explosion safety for municipal areas

Engineers simulate the detonation of aircraft bombs

Simulation of detonation shockwaves.

Explosions from the controlled detonation of World War II aircraft bomb duds can cause severe damage to surrounding building structures. Engineers at the Technische Universität München (TUM) have developed models to predict the effects of detonation shockwaves in cities. In emergency situations the simulations could even save lives.

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22.10.2014, Global
Great honor for TUM CREATE's electric taxi concept

Electric taxi "EVA“ receives eCarTec-Award 2014

TUM CREATE electric taxi "EVA" – Photo: TUM CREATE

TUM CREATE's electric taxi project "EVA" received the Bavarian Staate Prize for Electromobility, the eCarTec Award 2014, yesterday evening at the eCarTec, the world's largest electromobility fair. The prize is awarded in six categories and is endowed with 10,000 €. TUM CREATE is a joint research project of the Technische Universität München (TUM) and the Nanyang Technological University (NTU) in Singapore.

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