New research results or upcoming events: Stay up-to-date on what is happening at TUM.
A method known as navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) has been gaining importance in neurosurgery for some time now. Among other applications, it is used to map brain tumors before an operation and to test whether important regions of the brain, for example motor and language areas, are affected. Doctors at the Technische Universität München (TUM) have now shown that preoperative nTMS analysis of motor areas improves the prognosis of patients with malignant brain tumors.
An international study published in the journal Nature Communications points the way toward wider, more effective use of biocompatible materials in repairing human tissues. Focusing on the difficult case of restoring cartilage, which requires both flexibility and mechanical strength, the researchers investigated a new combination of 3-D printed microfiber scaffolding and hydrogels. The composites they tested showed elasticity and stiffness comparable to knee-joint tissue, as well as the ability to support the growth and cross-linking of human cartilage cells. Researchers at the Technische Universität München (TUM) expect the new approach to have an impact on other areas of soft-tissue engineering research, including breast reconstruction and heart tissue engineering.
Technische Universität München (TUM) and SAP announced founding the "Initiative for Digital Transformation" (IDT). The IDT is intended to serve as a research platform on the fundamental issues and dynamics underlying the ability of enterprises to leverage their potential for digital technology-driven organizational change. The goal is to promote innovative business development to create economic growth.
Magnetic fields easily penetrate matter. Creating a space practically devoid of magnetic fields thus presents a great challenge. An international team of physicists has now developed a shielding that dampens low frequency magnetic fields more than a million-fold. Using this mechanism, they have created a space that boasts the weakest magnetic field of our solar system. The physicists now intend to carry out precision experiments there.
The Munich metropolitan region now boasts an Entrepreneurship Center that is one of a kind in Europe and provides technology-focused start-up entrepreneurs an end-to-end offering – from the initial seed of an idea to the growth phase. The new building inaugurated today at Campus Garching hosts a venue for TUM and its affiliated institute UnternehmerTUM, the Center for Innovation and Business Creation, to combine its services for start-up entrepreneurs under one roof. The MakerSpace high-tech workshop offers equipment for building prototypes and manufacturing small series. Academic chairs from the TUM Entrepreneurship Research Institute round out the alliance between practical application, research and teaching.
Young cattle that barely grow or gain weight despite normal feed intake: while relatively rare, this growth disorder occasionally affects the Fleckvieh breed. Thanks to comprehensive DNA analysis, researchers have succeeded in predicting the occurrence of this disease and determining the precise genetic cause – knowledge that could now help to prevent its propagation in cattle breeding.
The current episode of “Horizons” on BBC World News shows two research projects with TUM participation. Prof. Christian Grosse develops concrete that heals itself. And Prof. Gernot Spiegelberg drives through the university with a reporter in the “eSeater.” In the future, this electric taxi is expected to drive itself autonomously, fold itself up to park, and come quickly when a customer wants it.
Soft tissue disorders like tumors are very difficult to recognize using normal X-ray machines. There is hardly any distinction between healthy tissue and tumors. Researchers at the Technische Universität München (TUM) have now developed a technology using a compact synchrotron source that measures not only X-ray absorption, but also phase shifts and scattering. Tissue that is hardly recognizable using traditional X-ray machines is now visible.
Even wine experts seldom have the opportunity to taste champagne that has been preserved this well. Divers recently recovered around 200 bottles of champagne from a cargo ship that sunk in the Baltic Sea off the coast of Finland in 1840. After tasting and biochemically testing the contents of the bottles, researchers have discovered that champagne in the nineteenth century was sweeter than it is today. And with an alcohol content of only around 10 percent, it was also less alcoholic. Their findings have now been published in PNAS.
According to the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2015, published today, Technische Universität München (TUM) is ranked among the top fifty universities worldwide in nine subjects. In physics/astronomy, mechanical engineering and chemistry, TUM achieved a worldwide top 20 ranking. TUM was already ranked the 54th best university in the world in the QS World University Rankings published in September 2014.