TUM – Latest news https://www.tum.de Latest news of TUM en TUM Sun, 15 Sep 2019 21:57:12 +0200 Sun, 15 Sep 2019 21:57:12 +0200 TUM among Europe's best technical universities https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35682/ Compared to the previous year, TUM has moved up one spot in the world ranking to 43rd place. At the same time TUM has continued to assert its ranking among the four best European technical universities, following its partner university Imperial College London (ranked 10th), ETH Zurich (ranked 13th) and EPF Lausanne (ranked 38th), a partner in the EuroTech Universities Alliance.

Compared to all universities, TUM has for years placed in the top three in Germany together with LMU Munich (ranked 32) and Heidelberg University (ranked 44). As before, the ranking is led by universities from the United Kingdom and the USA.

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TUM in Rankings klaus.becker@tum.de news-35682 Thu, 12 Sep 2019 10:59:18 +0200
First-class food for cutting-edge science https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35678/ A new building fulfilling the most modern standards was built over the last three years, located to the north of the old student cafeteria, which after 40 years had long exceeded its planned service life. The construction costs amounted to approximately 45 million euros.

The new building not only provides more space, it will also consume significantly less energy. New dishwashing machines have made it possible to replace the traditional cafeteria trays with china plates. The newly designed food counters allow a greatly increased variety of food: salad bars, a vegetable bar, soup station, grill counter, pizza window, pasta and wok counters and many vegetarian and vegan dishes.

Designed by the Munich architectural firm Meck Architekten GmbH, the two-story, square building features a large interior courtyard and approximately 5300 square meters of utilizable floor space; it houses 1750 seats in the student cafeteria in addition to a smaller cafeteria. Entrances and the smaller cafeteria are on the ground floor, with the 2740 square meter dining hall and kitchen located upstairs.

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Campus news news-35678 Wed, 11 Sep 2019 15:59:00 +0200
Celonis nominated for German President's Award https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35677/ The Celonis founders, Bastian Nominacher, Martin Klenk and Alexander Rinke, developed software for process mining while studying at TUM. It investigates the everyday processes in companies, generates analysis in the form of understandable graphics and suggests improvements. This automatic consulting can be applied to all kinds of processes that leave digital traces, whether they are part of a pharmaceutical company's manufacturing process or the logistics of a trading company.

Founded in 2011, Celonis was quick to achieve success: In 2015 it was ranked as Germany's fastest-growing technology company. The New York office was established a year later. In its second round of financing in 2018, the company was valued at 1 billion US dollars, thus taking its place among the small number of German "unicorns". Global players and mid-sized companies in 20 different industries are using the software, including one third of all companies listed in the German DAX index. That makes Celonis the global market leader in process mining.

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Entrepreneurship klaus.becker@tum.de news-35677 Wed, 11 Sep 2019 14:13:00 +0200
Honors for young start-up founders https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35676/ The competition for young talents was launched in the US by the Technology Review of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). The award is regarded as one of the most prestigious honors for young start-up founders and has been presented by the German edition of the Technology Review since 2013. Last Friday ten innovators were honored, four of whom studied at TUM and created their start-ups with the support of TUM and UnternehmerTUM:

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Entrepreneurship a.schmidt@tum.de news-35675 Fri, 06 Sep 2019 15:48:19 +0200
Closing in on elusive particles https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35673/ While the Standard Model of Particle Physics has remained mostly unchanged since its initial conception, experimental observations for neutrinos have forced the neutrino part of the theory to be reconsidered in its entirety.

Neutrino oscillation was the first observation inconsistent with the predictions and proves that neutrinos have non-zero masses, a property that contradicts the Standard Model. In 2015, this discovery was rewarded with the Nobel Prize.

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Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-35672 Thu, 05 Sep 2019 11:51:17 +0200
EU funding for top-level research at TUM https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35671/ Every year, the European Research Council awards its acclaimed ERC Grants to fund cutting-edge research projects in a variety of categories. Starting Grants are reserved for scientists who are in the early years of their careers. The value of each grant can be as high as EUR 1.5 million.

In addition to the seven Starting Grants, three TUM projects have been singled out for Proof-of-Concept Grants. This form of funding is awarded to scientists who want to see if their ERC research projects can be turned into marketable innovations. As an entrepreneurial university, TUM places a strong emphasis on this aspect of research and provides targeted support for researchers’ and students’ start-up projects. These latest Starting Grants and Proof-of-Concept Grants bring the number of ERC Grants awarded to TUM scientists to 117.

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Research news paul.hellmich@tum.de news-35669 Tue, 03 Sep 2019 12:32:00 +0200
Who benefits from a defibrillator? https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35667/ In heart patients with potentially life-threatening arrhythmias, a strong electrical shock applied to the cardiac muscle can reset the heart to its regular rhythm. This is precisely the task of defibrillators, which are inserted into the chest like pacemakers. Under current guidelines, physicians implant these devices as a preventive measure in patients with certain heart conditions. The procedure is performed more than 100,000 times per year in the EU. Apart from the high costs for the health care system, the devices also pose a risk: According to estimates, one in four implanted defibrillators will lead to significant complications within ten years – from infections to spontaneous electric shocks.

The EU-CERT-ICD study therefore examined the benefits of prophylactically implanted defibrillators throughout Europe. In a sub-study of the EU-CERT-ICD project, the scientists led by first author Prof. Axel Bauer (formerly LMU and currently Medical University of Innsbruck) and the two co-senior authors Prof. Georg Schmidt (TUM) and Prof. Markus Zabel (University Medical Center Göttingen) wanted to identify the patients who benefit most from the operation.

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Research news paul.hellmich@tum.de news-35667 Mon, 02 Sep 2019 11:00:00 +0200
TU Munich: An international beacon https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35662/ Before departing on his trip to Brazil, where TUM maintains its own liaison office in São Paulo, TUM President Wolfgang A. Herrmann commented on the TUM international network policy. In the current 2020 QS World University Ranking, TUM is nationally in 1st place for the indicator "International Students", followed by the Technical Universities in Berlin, Aachen, Darmstadt and Karlsruhe.

"The 2020 QS Ranking shows that in terms of engineering and physical scientific disciplines, Germany is especially attractive in foreign countries," said TUM President Wolfgang A. Herrmann, adding that it is now important that the values embodied by "German Engineering" are vigorously applied to the issues facing society as a new challenge. "This makes 'Human-Centered Engineering' the ultimate priority for the future. Anyone who fails to actively tie in Engineering Sciences recursively with the Humanities, Social Sciences and Management Sciences will not be a modern Technical University tomorrow. This approach to thought and action therefore enjoys a central position in our university's Excellence Strategy 2019." He went on to say that it would be wise to follow the examples of Stanford and MIT, since the German Engineering curriculum is regrettably lagging behind in this respect.

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Campus news news-35662 Mon, 26 Aug 2019 10:15:18 +0200
Sustainable residences on the Garching campus https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35656/ "Einfach Bauen" is an interdisciplinary research network at TUM with research projects at three chairs of the TUM Department of Architecture. The scientists involved aim to provide a counter impulse to the ever-increasing complexity of modern buildings. Their strategies for simple and at the same time energy-efficient and resource-saving construction include the reduction of building technology, a monolithic construction method and reduced layers.

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Campus news a.schmidt@tum.de news-35656 Fri, 23 Aug 2019 09:19:55 +0200
Temperatures of 800 billion degrees in the cosmic kitchen https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35655/ When two neutron stars collide, the matter at their core enters extreme states. An international research team has now studied the properties of matter compressed in such collisions. The HADES long-term experiment, involving more than 110 scientists, has been investigating forms of cosmic matter since 1994. With the investigation of electromagnetic radiation arising when stars collide, the team has now focused attention on the hot, dense interaction zone between two merging neutron stars.

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Research news lisa.pietrzyk@tum.de news-35653 Thu, 22 Aug 2019 10:11:00 +0200
Stardust in the Antarctic snow https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35654/ The quantity of cosmic dust that trickles down to Earth each year ranges between several thousand and ten thousand tons. Most of the tiny particles come from asteroids or comets within our solar system. However, a small percentage comes from distant stars. There are no natural terrestrial sources for the iron-60 isotope contained therein; it originates exclusively as a result of supernova explosions or through the reactions of cosmic radiation with cosmic dust.

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Research news lisa.pietrzyk@tum.de news-35652 Tue, 20 Aug 2019 10:18:00 +0200
Vote now for the TUM image film https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35649/ The image film of TUM is nominated in category 2 "Company / Institution". All participants of the public voting can win a short holiday for two persons in Erding.

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Campus news a.schmidt@tum.de news-35648 Wed, 14 Aug 2019 17:15:18 +0200
TUM achieves top positions https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35650/ Officially known as the “Academic Ranking of World Universities”, this ranking developed by the Shanghai Jiao Tong University assesses the research performances of universities. It particularly emphasizes the value of work published in important academic publications like Nature and Science, the citation rates of academics, as well as the number of scientists and alumni who have received Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals, one of the top awards in mathematics.

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TUM in Rankings news-35650 Fri, 16 Aug 2019 11:06:57 +0200
Employees less upset at being replaced by robots than by other people https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35645/ Over the coming decades, millions of jobs will be threatened by robotics and artificial intelligence. Despite intensive academic debate on these developments, there has been little study on how workers react to being replaced through technology.

To find out, business researchers at TUM and Erasmus University Rotterdam conducted 11 scenarios studies and surveys with over 2,000 persons from several countries in Europe and North America. Their findings have now been published in the renowned journal Nature Human Behaviour.

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Research news klaus.becker@tum.de news-35645 Fri, 09 Aug 2019 11:00:00 +0200
Direct toxic action of beta-amyloid identified https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35644/ The brains of Alzheimer's patients who have already developed clinical symptoms contain large clumps of the protein beta-amyloid, known as plaques. Many therapeutic approaches focus on removing plaques, but such attempts have met with only limited success to date.

“It’s crucial that we detect and treat the disease much earlier. We therefore focused on hyperactive neurons, which occur at a very early stage – long before patients develop memory loss,” explains Professor Arthur Konnerth, Hertie Senior Professor of Neuroscience at the TUM. As a consequence of hyperactivation, connected neurons in the circuits constantly receive false signals, leading to impairments in signal processing.

Together with his doctoral student Benedikt Zott and the entire research team, Konnerth succeeded in identifying the cause and trigger of this early disturbance in the brain. The discovery may open the way to new therapeutic approaches. The study appeared in the journal Science.

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Research news vera.siegler@tum.de news-35643 Fri, 09 Aug 2019 09:55:00 +0200
New ombudspersons elected https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35641/ Scientists at TUM may contact the ombudspersons at the independent Research Integrity Office for advice on questions relating to good scientific practice. Furthermore, TUM has implemented guidelines to ensure good scientific practice oriented towards the recommendations of the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft).

The ombudspersons can also be consulted confidentially in cases where scientific misconduct is suspected. They conduct preliminary investigations and mediate conflicts. When the ombudspersons identify scientific misconduct which cannot be rectified, they convene an ombudsperson committee  for further examination.

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Campus news klaus.becker@tum.de news-35641 Tue, 06 Aug 2019 16:10:17 +0200
Laboratories in Mechanical Engineering temporarily closed https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35640/ Researchers and students affected by the closure are asked to contact their respective chairs for further information.

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Campus news klaus.becker@tum.de news-35640 Tue, 06 Aug 2019 15:22:01 +0200
The limits of rainforest growth https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35637/ Trees are seen as saviors in an era of climate change. Via their leaves, they absorb carbon dioxide and transform the greenhouse gas into oxygen and biomass. According to estimates by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the Amazon rainforests absorb a quarter of the carbon dioxide that is released each year from the combustion of fossil fuels. To date, global climate models have assumed that this absorption capacity will also remain constant in the future.

"But there has been no proof of this to date", emphasizes Dr. Katrin Fleischer. "It is entirely possible that the absorption capacity will even decrease." The ecologist from the Professorship for Land Surface-Atmosphere Interactions at the Technical University of Munich worked together with ecologists and ecosystem modelers from 10 countries to investigate the extent to which the nutrient supply in the Amazon region limits the production of biomass.

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Research news news-35637 Mon, 05 Aug 2019 15:29:10 +0200
Dry feed for superfood producers https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35635/ Given that they generate hardly any greenhouse gases, are undemanding, nutritious and fast growing, insects have generated a lot of hype in recent years. They are touted as the superfood of the future – cheap suppliers of protein that can even decompose all kinds of residual products.

"This all sounds very promising, but has little to do with reality," says Wilhelm Windisch, Professor of Animal Nutrition at the Technical University of Munich. "Anyone who hopes to keep animals professionally and on a large scale needs to know exactly what kinds of nutrients they need and can consume. And for insects, this is yet to be determined."

In collaboration with a German-Kenyan research team, the agricultural scientist has for the first time ever systematically investigated how various feed substrates influence the growth and development of crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus) and locusts (Schistocerca gregaria).

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Research news news-35635 Mon, 05 Aug 2019 08:57:33 +0200
Perception disorders may throw those affected off balance https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35543/ The Munich researchers had already postulated several years ago that functional disorders may be caused by faulty processing of sensory stimuli. The team, headed by Prof. Nadine Lehnen, senior physician for psychosomatic medicine at the TUM University Hospital rechts der Isar, was able to bolster this hypothesis with the results of an experimental pilot study.

Eight patients with functional dizziness and eleven healthy subjects who served as a comparison group participated in the study. The researchers also used data from dizziness patients with organic defects who had previously taken part in the same experiment. Those patients had either a cerebellar disorder or a complete loss of functioning vestibular (equilibrium) nerves.

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Research news vera.siegler@tum.de news-35542 Fri, 02 Aug 2019 13:01:00 +0200
Learn how the Internet works https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35634/ How do computers communicate? And how are they protected against attacks from the Internet? Nowadays it is not only IT professionals who are interested in questions like these. With the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) "iLabX – The Internet Masterclass", participants with or without special background knowledge can acquire a basic knowledge of the Internet through videos, easy-to-read texts, and interactive quizzes.

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Campus news lisa.pietrzyk@tum.de news-35625 Tue, 30 Jul 2019 17:05:27 +0200
Light in the nanoworld https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35627/ Previous circuits on chips rely on electrons as the information carriers. In the future, photons which transmit information at the speed of light will be able to take on this task in optical circuits. Quantum light sources, which are then connected with quantum fiber optic cables and detectors are needed as basic building blocks for such new chips.

An international team headed up by TUM physicists Alexander Holleitner and Jonathan Finley has now succeeded in creating such quantum light sources in atomically thin material layers and placing them with nanometer accuracy.

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Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-35626 Thu, 01 Aug 2019 08:00:00 +0200
Vaccinations not a risk factor for multiple sclerosis https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35577/ MS is now thought to be a neurological autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the brain and spinal cord. It is most likely to occur in young people under the age of 40. Vaccinations are often mentioned as a possible risk factor for MS. Professor Bernhard Hemmer, director of the Neurology Department of the TUM hospital, Klinkum rechts der Isar, teamed up with scientists from the Medical Department and the Bavarian Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (KVB) to analyze a large KVB dataset representative of the general population. The data covered over 200,000 individuals, including more than 12,000 MS patients. The study was published in the Tuesday, July 30, 2019, issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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Research news vera.siegler@tum.de news-35576 Wed, 31 Jul 2019 10:40:00 +0200
Better food quality control https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35607/ Whether a food tastes good or not is essentially determined by the interaction of odors and tastants. A few trillionths of a gram per kilogram of food is enough to perceive some odorants. Tastants, on the other hand, we only recognize at significantly higher concentrations.

In order to guarantee consistent sensory quality, it is very important for manufacturers to know and control the characteristic odor and taste profiles of their products from the raw material to the finished product. This requires a fast but precise food analysis.

Tastants and aroma substances, however, differ greatly in their chemical and physical properties. As a result, food chemists currently use very different methods to determine the exact nature and quantity of odorants and tastants in a raw material or food. Especially aroma analyses are very time-consuming and therefore expensive. This limits the high-throughput analysis of numerous samples.

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Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-35607 Tue, 30 Jul 2019 08:00:00 +0200
AI predicts treatment success for diseases https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35605/ Cells can be altered by diseases or genetic mutations. However, the possibilities for finding out how cells are affected by various influences through laboratory experiments are limited. Due to the sheer number of possible combinations of treatment and disease conditions, expanding these data to characterize disease and disease treatment in traditional life science laboratories is labor intensive and costly and, hence, not scalable.

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Research news news-35605 Mon, 29 Jul 2019 11:26:26 +0200