TUM – Latest news https://www.tum.de Latest news of TUM en TUM Sat, 16 Jan 2021 22:19:40 +0100 Sat, 16 Jan 2021 22:19:40 +0100 Highly endowed EU grants for research at TUM https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36413/ Researchers at TUM have received a total of 140 prestigious ERC Grants to date. The ERC awards grants in various categories every year. Two Advanced Grants, five Starting Grants and three Proof of Concept Grants were recently awarded to TUM researchers.

Consolidator Grants are provided to researchers with between seven and 12 years' experience since completion of a doctorate, and come with up to 2 million euros in funding for their projects. The latest successful grant applicants at TUM:

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Research news Quantum Technologies news-36412 Thu, 14 Jan 2021 11:19:00 +0100
Munich Quantum Valley points the way to the future https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36408/ TUM President Prof. Thomas F. Hofmann highlights the significance of the new joint project: "Quantum Valley Munich builds on the outstanding achievements of Munich as the birthplace of German quantum research and, completely in line with our ONE MUNICH strategy, consolidates our wide spectrum of strengths across institutional boundaries. Together we are creating an ecosystem for quantum technologies which is among the best in the world and which will attract international scientific talents to Bavaria."

The Munich Quantum Valley partner organizations intend to move the development of quantum science and technology ahead over the next ten years on national and international levels. In addition to the Technical University of Munich, members of the initiative include the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Fraunhofer, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich and the Max Planck Society.

Pending the approval of the Bavarian State Parliament, the Bavarian government plans to provide a total of 300 million euros, with 120 million euros available as early as 2021 and 2022. Munich Quantum Valley will build on this robust foundation and will apply for funding from the German federal government, which is investing two billion euros under the "Zukunftspaket Deutschland" in support of the further development of quantum technologies.

Research, development and education

The partners will found a joint Center for Quantum Computing and Quantum Technologies (ZQQ) as well as a Quantum Technology Park and will increase emphasis on training and continuing education both for talented young individuals and for established experts from the industry sector.

Science and industry will define priorities in the research and development of quantum sciences and technologies at the ZQQ and will coordinate funding for excellent projects in this area. Support could thus for example go to scientists at Bavarian research sites beyond Munich searching for new materials with quantum simulators, working on quantum metrology methods for highly precise electric and magnetic field measurements or developing interception-proof quantum cryptography processes.

In the years to come the ZQQ will also build a quantum computer capable of handling calculations which are impossible with conventional super computers. In the long term this is to serve as the basis for commercially viable quantum computers whose computing power can be made available through cloud access. The ZQQ will also create software for quantum computers and interfaces to conventional computers.

Turning research results into innovative products

At the Quantum Technology Park the Quantum Valley partners will create the high-tech infrastructure needed by research institutes, start-ups and established technology companies to develop quantum technologies at internationally competitive levels. The Quantum Technology Park will include cleanrooms with nano-production and thin-layer production equipment as well as modern development and test laboratories.

This unique infrastructure will for example also be available to researchers from start-up companies collaborating with the TUM Venture Lab Quantum, currently being set up, to turn research results into innovative products more quickly.

Training and continuing education of expert research and industry staff

The success of Munich Quantum Valley will however be contingent on outstandingly trained scientists and highly qualified experts from industry. Training will center on handling intellectual property, with quantum technology modules for curricula combining technology and management as well with programs for start-up entrepreneurs and continuing education for expert staff from the industry sector.

Bavaria and its Munich innovation hub are already among the world's leading locations for training talented young individuals in quantum science and technologies thanks to their university and non-university institutions. Munich Quantum Valley will now elevate these activities to the highest international level.

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Campus news Quantum Technologies presse@tum.de news-36407 Fri, 08 Jan 2021 18:14:41 +0100
Cable robot builds and renovates facades https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36406/ The robot is part of the EU project HEPHAESTUS, which promotes research into robots and autonomous systems in the construction industry. With the help of eight cables, the prototype can turn and move in all directions. In Spain, the researchers have set up a hundred square meter test stand for the first tests, which is supposed to simulate a three-story building facade.

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TUM in the media news-36405 Tue, 05 Jan 2021 08:47:00 +0100
Supercapacitors challenge batteries https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36404/ Usually, energy storage is associated with batteries and accumulators that provide energy for electronic devices. However, in laptops, cameras, cellphones or vehicles, so-called supercapacitors are increasingly installed these days.

Unlike batteries they can quickly store large amounts of energy and put it out just as fast. If, for instance, a train brakes when entering the station, supercapacitors are storing the energy and provide it again when the train needs a lot of energy very quickly while starting up.

However, one problem with supercapacitors to date was their lack of energy density. While lithium accumulators reach an energy density of up to 265 Kilowatt hours (KW/h), supercapacitors thus far have only been delivering a tenth thereof.

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Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-36403 Mon, 04 Jan 2021 09:31:44 +0100
TUM strengthens research on green hydrogen and sustainable plant production https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36401/ TUM will intensify its respective partnerships with Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) in the area of hydrogen and with the University of Regensburg (UR) in the area of agricultural production. With the support of the E-VUK (Excellence Alliances and University Partnerships) program, TUM will concentrate its hydrogen research activities in particular on Electrochemistry, Chemical Process Engineering and Mechanical Engineering. This focus will be complemented by an FAU expansion in the areas of Mechanical Engineering, System Technologies and Management Sciences.

The agricultural science support for the joint TUM and UR project focuses on the connection between soil quality and the quality of foodstuffs, primarily for agricultural crops such as corn and barley. The shared objective is to use new scientific research to optimize sustainable production of plant-based protein sources in order to satisfy rising demands.

The successful acquisition of E-VUK support from the Bavarian State government will help form a sturdy foundation for submitting new Excellence Cluster applications starting in 2025. TUM President Thomas F. Hofmann said: "We submitted two proposals for funding in future-oriented fields. Both involved strong partners, and both proposals successfully won out over the competition: This fantastic success once again shows that major topics of the future such as sustainable mobility and reliable global nutrition can only be approached effectively by alliances of robust partners."

 

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Campus news presse@tum.de news-36400 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 14:24:17 +0100
Quick look under the skin https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36399/ How big is the liver? Does it change if medication is taken? Is the kidney inflamed? Is there a tumor in the brain and did metastases already develop? In order to answer such questions, bioscientists and doctors to date had to screen and interpret a wealth of data.

"The analysis of three-dimensional imaging processes is very complicated," explains Oliver Schoppe. Together with an interdisciplinary research team, the TUM researcher has now developed self-learning algorithms to in future help analyze bioscientific image data.

At the core of the AIMOS software – the abbreviation stands for AI-based Mouse Organ Segmentation – are artificial neural networks that, like the human brain, are capable of learning. "You used to have to tell computer programs exactly what you wanted them to do," says Schoppe. "Neural networks don't need such instructions:" It's sufficient to train them by presenting a problem and a solution multiple times. Gradually, the algorithms start to recognize the relevant patterns and are able to find the right solutions themselves."

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Research news Artificial Intelligence battenberg@zv.tum.de news-36398 Mon, 28 Dec 2020 10:35:38 +0100
Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36396/  

 

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Campus news news-36393 Thu, 24 Dec 2020 09:09:00 +0100
TUM professor Sami Haddadin is chairman of the Bavarian Council on AI https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36397/ The council consists of 21 outstanding representatives from science and business, divided evenly among university faculty and staff, members from non-university research bodies and representatives of the economic sector. The objective of the AI Council is to launch and promote strategies and measures for mobilizing scientific and economic potentials in the field of AI. The Council will also provide important impulses to policymakers and will contribute to the networking of AI research at an international level.

AI made in Bavaria

"The Bavarian Council on AI embodies the AI strategy of the Hightech Agenda Bavaria," says Prof. Haddadin. "It is a particular pleasure and honor for me to lead this fantastic body of experts together with my Co-Chairs. With its membership of outstanding experts from science and business, the Council will help carry on the Bavarian tradition in AI and will set an international standard: AI Made in Bavaria."

In addition to Professor Haddadin, Alena Buyx, Professor for Ethics in Medicine and Health Technologies  and Director of the TUM Institute of History and Ethics in Medicine, is also a member of the Bavarian Council on AI for the university section.

Members of the Bavarian Council on AI also include TUM professors Fabian J. Theis (Co-Chair), as Director of the Institute of Computational Biology at the German Research Center for Environmental Health (HMGU), Alin Albu-Schäffer, as Director of the Institute for Robotics and Mechatronics at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Claudia Eckert, as Director of the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied and Integrated Security (AISEC), for the Council's non-university research section.

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Campus news Artificial Intelligence ulrich.meyer@tum.de news-36395 Wed, 23 Dec 2020 12:24:58 +0100
Seminal work on governance of new technologies https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36392/ Kathleen Thelen works in the field of comparative political economy, where she concentrates on the origins and evolution of political-economic institutions in rich democracies. In the past few years she has pursued an important research agenda on the governance of new technologies, in particular addressing the question of how large technology companies can be regulated. Her widely acclaimed publications include for example "Regulating Uber: The Politics of the Platform Economy in Europe and the United States" and "Are We All Amazon Primed? Consumers and the Politics of Platform Power".

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Campus news klaus.becker@tum.de news-36383 Tue, 22 Dec 2020 10:50:00 +0100
Breathing rate predicts therapeutic benefits for heart patients https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36385/ Sudden cardiac death is one of the leading causes of mortality in western industrialized countries. It can be prevented by an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). This automatically detects life-threatening heart rhythms and emits electrical signals to stop them. The guidelines recommend the implantation of ICDs in patients with a significantly weakened pump function of the left ventricle. According to the German Heart Surgery Report, more than 42,000 defibrillators were implanted in Germany in 2018.

However, the effectiveness of implanting ICDs is sometimes questionable. The latest Heart Surgery Report by the German Heart Foundation also notes that the benefits of defibrillator therapy are not as clear-cut as previously believed. Moreover, they are often offset by relatively common complications arising both during and after the implantation procedure.

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Research news lisa.pietrzyk@tum.de news-36384 Thu, 17 Dec 2020 17:31:40 +0100
Sixfold increase in risk https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36390/ According to WHO statistics, cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer for women. In 2018 an estimated 570,000 women worldwide were diagnosed with cervical carcinoma, with approximately 311,000 of these women dying.

On the other hand cervical cancer, usually caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV), is also one of the most successfully preventable and treatable types of cancer, as long as it is detected at an early stage and treated effectively.

Cervical cancer is at the same time the most frequently detected cancer for women who live with HIV, since their immune systems are weakened by the HIV infection.

The TUM School of Medicine's Center for Global Health and the Chair of Epidemiology at the TUM Department of Sport and Health Sciences have now dedicated their efforts to this relevant topic in the publication "Estimates of the Global Burden of Cervical Cancer Associated with HIV", published in the renowned journal The Lancet Global Health.

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Research news battenberg@zv.tum.de news-36389 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 10:36:10 +0100
Largest database on Covid-19 measures available online https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36391/ How strict do policies need to be before a lockdown produces a real impact? At what point have countries with low Covid-19 case numbers made which decisions? Are the pandemic policies of centralized states more effective than those of federated states? To analyze where and how which government measures to fight the pandemic have proven effective, it is indispensable to assemble large volumes of reliable information – because every country and in many cases even individual districts and municipalities have made different decisions.

An international research network coordinated by the Chair of International Relations at the Bavarian School for Public Policy (HfP) at TUM has assembled the world’s largest database on political measures taken during the pandemic. CoronaNet now contains information on more than 50,000 decisions made by governments in 195 countries in response to the spread of the corona virus and is being continually updated by more than 500 researchers and students.

It is the most comprehensive and granular resource of its kind worldwide. The material covers

  • individual measures in 18 categories, for example social distancing, restrictions in classrooms and investments in healthcare
  • the timing and duration of measures
  • whether decisions are made on the national, regional or municipal level
  • to whom measures apply, e.g. whether travel restrictions apply to locals or to foreign residents
  • the territory for which measures are valid, e.g. the entire country or only individual regions
  • whether measures have the status of mandatory requirements or recommended guidelines.
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Research news Covid-19 klaus.becker@tum.de news-36388 Fri, 18 Dec 2020 14:31:00 +0100
Covid-19: Insights into current research https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36381/ The lecture series will be held Wednesdays from 6:15 to 7:50 p.m.

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Covid-19 Event news-36379 Thu, 17 Dec 2020 13:00:00 +0100
Information transport via magnons https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36382/ Elementary particles carry an intrinsic angular momentum known as their spin. For an electron, the spin can take only two particular values relative to a quantization axis, letting us denote them as spin-up and spin-down electrons. This intrinsic two-valuedness of the electron spin is at the core of many fascinating effects in physics.

In today’s information technology, the spin of an electron and the associated magnetic momentum are exploited in applications of information storage and readout of magnetic media, like hard disks and magnetic tapes.

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Research news Quantum Technologies andreas.battenberg@tum.de news-36380 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 11:47:26 +0100
The video referee in the spotlight https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36360/ For its 2019/20 season, the English Premier League introduced the video assistant referee (VAR). Dr. Otto Kolbinger and Melanie Knopp from the Chair of Performance Analysis and Sports Informatics at the Technical University of Munich have now investigated the extent to which this influences the mood of audiences.

A total of 643,251 English-language tweets from the social media channel Twitter were included in the study, which investigated 94 VAR incidents from 129 games. Of these, over 58,000 tweets (9.1 percent) were directly related to the video referee.

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Research news Artificial Intelligence battenberg@zv.tum.de news-36359 Mon, 14 Dec 2020 08:29:01 +0100
Germany's strongest university in business sciences https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36361/ To compile the rankings, WirtschaftsWoche magazine evaluates the number of papers published in approximately 860 journals. To reflect the varying status of the journals, weighted scores are assigned to the articles. Data for the past ten years was included for approximately 200 universities in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, and the past five years for the individual authors.

As in the previous year’s survey, TUM is again the strongest German university in terms of business research and came in second in the overall rankings. The Swiss university St. Gallen and Vienna University of Economics and Business again ranked first and third, respectively. They are followed by the universities in Cologne, Zurich and Hamburg.

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TUM in Rankings news-36358 Fri, 11 Dec 2020 13:36:41 +0100
“The machine as an extension of the body” https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36357/ Prof. Cheng, by training a paraplegic patient with the exoskeleton within your sensational study under the “Walk Again” project, you found that patients regained a certain degree of control over the movement of their legs. Back then, this came as a complete surprise to you …

… and it somehow still is. Even though we had this breakthrough four years ago, this was only the beginning. To my regret, none of these patients is walking around freely and unaided yet. We have only touched the tip of the iceberg. To develop better medical devices, we need to dig deeper in understanding how the brain works and how to translate this into robotics.

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Research news Artificial Intelligence christine.lehner@tum.de news-36353 Fri, 11 Dec 2020 12:58:00 +0100
Cancer researcher receives Leibniz Prize https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36378/ Prof. Ruland focuses on normal signaling processes in the immune system and those that are disrupted during illness. With his working group, he is investigating how immune cells recognize pathogens, initiate the immune defense, and how pathologically altered signals in blood cells lead to the development of cancer. The aim is to provide the basis for the therapeutic manipulation of the immune system. One of his most important scientific findings is an “emergency stop” switch for defective cells that he and his team discovered in 2017.

TUM President Prof. Thomas F. Hofmann paid tribute to the award winner’s outstanding work: “Prof. Ruland is one of the most important cancer researchers of our time. With his research, he tries to better understand the body’s self-healing powers at the molecular level and thus fight diseases such as leukemia and lymphoma. We are proud to have him in our ranks, because he embodies TUM’s high standards: Top international research combined with practical benefits for mankind.”

Prof. Ruland studied medicine in Giessen and Pittsburgh and received a doctorate in pharmacology. After medical and scientific work at TUM, the University of Freiburg, the Ontario Cancer Institute, and the AMGEN Research Institute of the University of Toronto, he headed a junior research group of the German Cancer Aid at TUM starting in 2003. He qualified as a professor of medicine in 2005 and was Professor of Molecular Immunology at TUM from 2010 to 2012. He has been a full professor of clinical chemistry since 2012. He is a member of the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina and the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Since 2018, he has been the spokesman for the DFG Collaborative Research Center 1335 “Aberrant Immune Signals in Cancer.”

Ruland has already received numerous awards and grants for his scientific work, including:

  • European Research Council Advanced Grant (2013 & 2019)
  • Paul-Martini Prize (2010)
  • Wilhelm-Warner Prize for cancer research (2010)
  • Science Award of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Internistische Onkologie (2007)
  • Artur-Pappenheim Prize of the German Society for Hematology and Medical Oncology (2006)
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Research news news-36355 Thu, 10 Dec 2020 16:51:02 +0100
Bavarian Prize for Excellence in Teaching goes to Heiko Briesen and Johanna Baehr https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36356/ Professor Briesen, who holds the TUM Professorship for Process Systems Engineering at the TUM School of Life Sciences in Weihenstephan, teaches engineering science fundamentals in brewing and food technologies as well as bioprocess technology, preparing students for future careers in research and industry. Students emphasized in particular his motivating lecture style together with his use of unconventional elements.

Baehr supervises the module "Fundamentals of IT Security", which is integrated in a variety of degree programs, at the Professorship for Security in Information Technology. The special challenge she faces is generating enthusiasm for the topic among students from an interdisciplinary range of backgrounds that includes prospective engineers and business economists, but also political scientists. The jury was particularly impressed by Baehr's successful utilization of modern teaching formats and a rich variety of ideas to meet the special requirements of a student group from such a heterogeneous academic background.

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Campus news ulrich.meyer@tum.de news-36352 Wed, 09 Dec 2020 17:29:27 +0100
Breakthrough in nuclear physics https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36351/ The strong interaction is one of the four fundamental forces in physics. It is essentially responsible for the existence of atomic nuclei that consist of several protons and neutrons. Protons and neutrons are made up of smaller particles, the so-called quarks. And they too are held together by the strong interaction.

As part of the ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) project at CERN in Geneva, Prof. Laura Fabbietti and her research group at the Technical University of Munich have now developed a method to determine with high precision the forces that act between protons and hyperons, unstable particles comprising so-called strange quarks.

The measurements are not only groundbreaking in the field of nuclear physics, but also the key to understanding neutron stars, one of the most enigmatic and fascinating objects in our universe.

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Research news andreas.battenberg@tum.de news-36350 Wed, 09 Dec 2020 12:12:20 +0100
“We’re working hard on the future” https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36348/ More than 30,000 teaching videos produced within tight deadlines, 500 students supporting the digitalization of teaching, around 300 research projects studying the new coronavirus as well as drugs, technologies and socio-economic concepts to fight the spread of the pandemic: The staff and students at TUM have shown extraordinary commitment this year in conducting research for the public good and ensuring that the talented people at the university continued receiving the teaching they need.

Addressing the annual Dies Academicus, President Thomas F. Hofmann thanked them for their hard work: “The year 2020 has made heavy demands on all of us – day in and day out – and has pushed many of us to the limits of our endurance. This makes it more important than ever for the university community to reach out to one another, at least in our thoughts, and to share a sense of team spirit.” He addressed special thanks to the staff of the Klinikum rechts der Isar and the German Heart Center: “Those who have continued to provide health care during these critical times deserve our utmost respect.”

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Campus news klaus.becker@tum.de news-36347 Thu, 03 Dec 2020 14:58:46 +0100
Precious metal-free silicone curing https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36334/ Silicones are synthetic polymers consisting of an inorganic silicon-oxygen backbone modified with organic side groups Before use, silicone must be converted to a rubber-elastic state through chemical crosslinking. One of the more important methods used in the industry is addition-curing, since this crosslinking process does not release any volatile byproducts and results in particularly high-quality silicone elastomers.

The process does have one disadvantage, however: the catalysts required for crosslinking contain precious metals such as platinum, which make the manufacturing process relatively expensive. These metals also remain in the silicone permanently.

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Research news andreas.battenberg@tum.de news-36333 Tue, 24 Nov 2020 09:01:23 +0100
On the trail of the genetic code https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36345/ Viruses often have so-called overlapping genes, which can easily be overlooked but may play an important role in virus spread, even up to the level of a pandemic. Dr. Zachary Ardern, scientist in the field of Microbial Ecology, has studied the matter in great detail. In this interview, he talks about his research results.

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Covid-19 Research news news-36344 Mon, 30 Nov 2020 15:33:57 +0100
Prof. Jia Chen among the "Top 40 under 40" https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36343/ Prof. Jia Chen conducts research on topics relating to climate change and urban air pollution. She also develops sensors and mathematical models for the exact determination of greenhouse gas emissions and air quality parameters. The data generated can be used to developed new climate protection measures and to evaluate existing measures.

Last year Prof. Chen established in Munich the world's first permanent sensor network for the measurement of urban greenhouse gases, based on the differential column measurement method she developed. She is currently developing an intelligent sensor network for the determination of air quality parameters, for example regarding particulate matter and nitrogen oxides. She heads the UN project "German MEASURE", which investigates the methane emissions of major German cities.

Prof. Chen studied electrical engineering in Beijing and Karlsruhe, earning her doctorate at TUM in 2011. She then did postdoctoral work at Harvard University. Since 2015 she has been the head of the TUM Professorship for Environmental Sensing and Modeling and is an Associate at Harvard University. Prof. Chen is author or co-author of more than 150 publications and twelve patents.

 

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Campus news news-36342 Mon, 30 Nov 2020 10:44:08 +0100
TUM IdeAward for technologies with high market potential https://www.tum.de/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/36341/ The Technical University of Munich (TUM) and its Affiliated Institute UnternehmerTUM, Europe's biggest Center for Innovation and Business Creation, promote start-ups from science in an eco-system unique in Europe. A central element in this facilitation and support structure is the TUM IdeAward, which has been presented to the best start-up ideas at the university since 2012. TUM and UnternehmerTUM award the prize jointly with the Zeidler Research Foundation, which provides the cash prize amounting to a total of 37,500 euros. 
At yesterday's online event, which was followed by more than 800 viewers in the livestream, ten teams presented their founding ideas - three of them received awards: 

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Entrepreneurship a.schmdit@tum.de news-36340 Fri, 27 Nov 2020 09:39:55 +0100