Hans Hauner, Professor for Nutritional Medicine at TUM and Director of the EKFZ
Hans Hauner, Professor for Nutritional Medicine at TUM and Director of the EKFZ presents the results of a German survey of adult eating habits during the pandemic.
Image: Juli Eberle / ediundsepp / TUM
  • Covid-19
  • Reading time: 1 MIN

Survey: 35 percent report weight gain since the beginning of the Corona pandemicPsychological strain and eating habits in the pandemic

Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have investigated possible changes in adult dietary habits and body weight after more than two years of pandemic. The results: 35 percent of those surveyed have gained weight, in some cases considerably, since the beginning of the pandemic. However, 15 percent of the adults have in part drastically lost weight since the beginning of the Corona crisis.

TUM's Else Kröner-Fresenius Center for Nutritional Medicine (EKFZ) joined forces with the opinion research institute Forsa to survey 1,005 persons in Germany between the ages of 18 and 70 chosen according to a systematic random process.

The scientists' primary focus is on the psyche: What is the connection between dietary habits and psychological conditions? During the past year 42 percent of those surveyed experienced some psychological stress due to the changes resulting from the Corona situation, while 20 percent experienced strong psychological stress for the same reason.

Increase in illnesses related to weight and lifestyle feared

"Unfortunately, during the Corona pandemic many people didn't succeed in keeping their weight under control," says Professor Hauner. He fears a resulting increase in weight-related and lifestyle-related illnesses in the years to come. "We have to expect a rise in the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the near future."

As a short-term countermeasure, Hauner recommends that people be informed of these connections and be offered concrete assistance when desired. "Many people with weight problems need outside help. Health policy could initiate campaigns aimed at motivating and supporting people."

15 percent of those surveyed lost weight

15 percent of the individuals surveyed have reduced their weight during the same period – on average by 7.9 kilograms. "This is consonant with the results of other studies," comments Prof. Martina de Zwaan, head of the Clinic for Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy at the Hannover Medical School (MHH). "This can be an indication of a healthier lifestyle: Life has been less hectic, people had more time to cook their own food and pay more attention to healthier nutrition."

One noteworthy result is that a significant portion (19 percent) of young adults between the ages of 18 and 29 lost weight, as did many survey participants (18 percent) with a Body Mass Index of less than 20. "There are also studies which clearly show a rise in eating disorders during the pandemic," says de Zwaan. This is attributed to reduced opportunities for participating in sports, loss of familiar and reassuring structures, social isolation, general insecurity, an increase in depression and psychological stress, and is also linked to a possible increase in the use of social media, which often confront users with pursuit of thinness and stigmatization of weight.

Because of the different behavioral patterns in the Corona pandemic, both experts additionally recommend better education on the topic together with individual solutions in the form of nutritional counseling.

More information:

The study was financed by the Else Kröner-Fresenius-Stiftung, a non-profit foundation dedicated to the funding and advancement of medical research and the support of humanitarian projects. To date the foundation has funded around 2,300 projects. With an annual funding volume currently amounting to over 60 million euros it is the largest foundation in Germany that actively funds and supports medicine. www.ekfs.de

The Else Kröner Fresenius Center for Nutritional Medicine (EKFZ) at TUM is an internationally renowned research institution in the field of nutritional medicine. The center consists of the Chair of Nutritional Medicine, the Chair of Molecular Nutritional Medicine and the Professorship of Pediatric Nutritional Medicine. The interdisciplinary team uses know-how from medicine, nutrition, sports and health sciences for research and teaching and is also strongly involved in public health. www.ekfz.tum.de

High resolution images

Technical University of Munich

Corporate Communications Center Dr. Katharina Baumeister
katharina.baumeister(at)tum.de

Contacts to this article:

Professor Hans Hauner
Technical University of Munich
Professorship for Nutritional Medicine
hans.hauner(at)tum.de

Related articles at www.tum.de

[Translate to en:] TUM-Präsident Prof. Thomas F. Hofmann (links) und Stiftungsratsvorsitzender Dr. Dieter Schenk, Else Kröner-Fresenius-Stiftung.

6 million euros in funding for nutritional medicine

The Else Kröner Fresenius Zentrum (EKFZ), a Center for Nutritional Medicine at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has combined modern nutrition sciences with advanced medical research for nearly 20 years. The success…

Prof. Dr. Henning Wackerhage

Link between exercise intensity and risk of infection

Until now there has been no clarity on how exercise intensity affects the emission and concentration of aerosol particles in exhaled air. With a new experimental setup, a Munich research team has shown that aerosol…

 Prof. Stefan Engelhardt

A spray to protect against lung damage from Covid-19

rnatics, a startup at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), has created an RNA-based drug to prevent lung damage from infections as seen in serious Covid-19 cases. The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)…

Laptop and Pasta

"Corona fuels a different pandemic"

How has the corona pandemic affected the dietary and exercise behavior and thus the weight of adults? Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have investigated this question and found that about 40 percent…

Pizza

Healthy eating - despite Corona

How have the eating, drinking, and exercise habits of children changed since the beginning of the Corona pandemic? Experts from the Else Kröner-Fresenius-Center for Nutritional Medicine (EKFZ) at the Technical University of…

Green soup and broccoli, sage, parsley and leek.

Nutrition in the days of COVID

The current Corona outbreak affects nearly all aspects of medicine and of everyday life in general. In this context, questions about the importance of nutrition arise frequently; these include questions about how the right…

HSTS