New findings for TUM study on the 9 Euro Ticket
A little over 50 euros acceptable for 9 Euro Ticket successor
According to German federal government information, approximately 52 million 9 Euro Tickets were sold throughout Germany in the period from June to August. The 9 Euro Ticket allows unlimited travel on local public transit and certain interregional trains anywhere in Germany. But how much is the public prepared to pay for a follow-up model of the general transit pass? An additional interim report from the study "Mobilität.Leben" ("Live Mobility") by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Munich School of Public Policy (HfP) has an answer. Study participants in the Munich metropolitan region would be willing to pay an average of 52.39 euros for a comparable follow-up pass. The amount is slightly higher than the 47.74 euro average determined by a national survey. Here the willingness to pay depended primarily on the financial situation of the individual participant. Those with higher incomes would consider paying as much as 15 euros more per month than those with lower incomes, according to the findings of a research group led by Prof. Klaus Bogenberger and Dr. Allister Loder of the TUM Professorship for Traffic Engineering and Control.
One fascinating result: The frequent use of a car is apparently not a predictor of reluctance to pay more for the successor to the 9 Euro Ticket. There was no difference in willingness to pay among frequent car users compared to the average of survey participants. But the picture is somewhat different for people who already made frequent use of public transit before the 9 Euro Ticket, where the willingness to pay was almost 18 euros per month higher than for other groups of survey participants. Thus the study generally demonstrates the 49 euro monthly price for a successor ticket currently under discussion is very close to what the general public would be willing to pay on average.
Another important aspect of the TUM study on the 9 Euro Ticket is the change in the number of trips made by car versus trips made using local public transportation services. Here 8.6 percent of those surveyed indicated that they traveled more by bus and train than by private car. And for those individuals who made a car trip at least four days a week, the figure was even 18 percent.
The current third interim report illustrates new aspects which were not covered in the previous report, issued in July 2022. However, the final findings of the study will not be available for several more weeks. The research team is currently evaluating data on actual mobility behavior collected by a smartphone app using live tracking; this data is a necessary prerequisite for the final and complete presentation of the study's results. The recently founded TUM Think Tank will then discuss the results with the public at large and will formulate recommendations for action for politics, business and society.
Background Information and Supplementary Links
A total of 2268 individuals participated during the entire duration of the study, 1349 of which were from the metropolitan Munich region, and 919 of which belonged to the Germany-wide control group.
The study is composed of three surveys, before, during and after the use of the 9 Euro Ticket. In addition there is a smartphone app which collects information on the mobility behavior of the participants, excluding the control group. A specially developed Dashboard provides insights into this data.
You'll find the complete third interim report as well as further analyses and results on the "Mobilität.Leben" project page Interim findings of the "Mobilität.Leben" project
- The TUM and Munich School of Public Policy (HfP) study is being coordinated by the TUM Think Tank in close collaboration with MCube – The Munich Cluster for the Future of Mobility in Metropolitan Regions
- The interdisciplinary research group includes participation by the professorships for Traffic Engineering and Control, Data Analytics and Machine Learning, Economics, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Systems, Automotive Technology, Innovation Research, Policy Analysis and Environment and Climate Policy.
- The project is being accompanied by a commission including representatives from the Bavarian State Ministry for Housing, Construction and Transport, the City of Munich, the Munich public transit authority (Münchener Verkehrsverbund (MVV)) and the Munich Transport Company (Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft (MVG)), among others.
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