Cover story: Circular economy
New issue of the "Faszination Forschung" magazine
Circular strategies are intended to create sustainable material and product cycles. Multidisciplinary research groups are developing solutions for the automotive industry. Also in this issue: How close is the point of no return? Climatic changes often build up continuously for years, leading to a tipping point that may be irreversible. And: AI systems in medicine must be particularly trustworthy - find out how data can be reliably protected.
Understanding the mechanisms of premature aging in progeria
“Can we delay age-related diseases?”
Children with Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) develop premature aging symptoms. Karima Djabali, Professor at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), wants to understand the biological mechanisms behind these accelerated aging processes and help develop treatments for this rare disease. This knowledge could also help transform the prevention and treatment of widespread age-related conditions, offering benefits to society at large.
Scientific study on river habitats at the TUM
Modern hydropower plants also cause massive damage to ecology
Even modern and supposedly gentler hydropower plants cause considerable damage to river ecosystems. This is shown by a study by Prof. Jürgen Geist from the Chair of Aquatic Systems Biology at the TUM School of Life Sciences published in the "Journal of Applied Ecology". Geist and his team investigated the changes in the complex biocoenoses in rivers at five locations in Bavaria before and after the installation of hydropower plants. They looked not only at fish but also at microorganisms, aquatic plants, and algae growth.
NewIn: Anne Tryba
Entrepreneurship is more than start-ups
Many problems can be solved with an entrepreneurial mindset and approach. Prof. Anne Tryba is conducting research into how this ability can be taught. In this issue of NewIn, she discusses what this has to do with the concerns of many students and her own experiences.
Immune system: B cells teach T cells which targets must not be attacked
Possible trigger for autoimmune diseases discovered
Immune cells must learn not to attack the body itself. A team of researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) has discovered a previously unknown mechanism behind this: other immune cells, the B cells, contribute to the "training" of the T cells in the thymus gland. If this process fails, autoimmune diseases can develop.
Seven new research projects on cybersecurity and artificial intelligence
TUM and Google strengthen cooperation
The Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Google are driving forward research into cybersecurity and artificial intelligence (AI). Thanks to funding from Google, seven new research projects are being launched at TUM to investigate critical questions at the interface of cybersecurity and AI.
TUM coordinates global research on health literacy
WHO Collaborating Centre for Health Literacy established
The World Health Organization (WHO) has established a new collaborating center at the Technical University of Munich (TUM). The center will develop a global survey to learn more about people’s ability to use health information. Member states may use this survey to determine their population's degree of health literacy. In addition, the researchers are developing materials to teach health literacy in schools.
Researchers see detergent residues as the cause
Why orange juice sometimes smells of cloves
Industrially produced orange juice sometimes smells unpleasantly of cloves. A research team led by the Leibniz Institute for Food Systems Biology at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now solved the mystery surrounding this undesirable off-odor. The study published in the journal Food Chemistry identifies the use of peracetic acid as a cleaning agent for the production machines used in orange juice production as the cause.
Cancer treatment: possible trigger for radiodermatitis identified
Bacteria increase risk of skin inflammation during radiotherapy
During radiotherapy, some cancer patients develop radiodermatitis, a severe inflammation of the skin. A recent study suggests that skin bacteria play an essential role in this: Breast cancer patients whose skin microbiome was disturbed prior to treatment also developed radiodermatitis.
Successful start to the fourth round of the Excellence Strategy
TUM in the running with three new Cluster of Excellence proposals
The Technical University of Munich (TUM) has already been successful three times in all funding lines of the Excellence Initiative (2006, 2012) and the Excellence Strategy (2019) of the German federal and state governments. Now, it is setting the course for the funding program for top German universities for a fourth time: TUM is participating with three initiatives for new Clusters of Excellence, which have successfully prevailed in the pre-selection by an international panel of experts appointed by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and are now invited to submit full proposals.